Скачать презентацию Computer-Mediated Communication Deceptions of Face and Time Coye Скачать презентацию Computer-Mediated Communication Deceptions of Face and Time Coye

3ab4e6b0b9fa3c92086dd6d09a166c82.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 23

Computer-Mediated Communication Deceptions of Face and Time Coye Cheshire & Jen King // September Computer-Mediated Communication Deceptions of Face and Time Coye Cheshire & Jen King // September 2016

Do we use language differently when we lie in text-based CMC? § In asynchronous, Do we use language differently when we lie in text-based CMC? § In asynchronous, text-based interaction: Liars used more words, were more expressive, non-immediate and informal, and made more typos (Zhou et al. 2004). § Similar findings in synchronous IM interaction: More words and fewer self-references § Those lied to also IMed differently, even when they didn’t realize the deceit: Shorter sentences, more questions. Zhou, Lina, et al. "Automating linguistics-based cues for detecting deception in text-based asynchronous computer-mediated communications. " Group decision and negotiation 13. 1 (2004): 81 -106. 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 1

Detecting deception in CMC § Most people (even trained professionals, like police officers) detect Detecting deception in CMC § Most people (even trained professionals, like police officers) detect deception at no better than a chance rate. § Some reliable markers of lying: Illustrative and other body movements, higher pitch, microexpressions. § People highly motivated to lie may be easier to detect (i. e. , trying harder may give you away) — “motivation impairment effect” Hancock, Jeffrey T. , et al. "Automated linguistic analysis of deceptive and truthful synchronous computermediated communication. " System Sciences, 2005. HICSS'05. Proceedings of the 38 th Annual Hawaii International Conference on. IEEE, 2005. 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 2

http: //blogs. scientificamerican. com/anthropology-inpractice/catfishing-the-truth-about-deception-online/ 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 3 http: //blogs. scientificamerican. com/anthropology-inpractice/catfishing-the-truth-about-deception-online/ 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 3

3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 4 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 4

For Example: Deception, Norms and Perception in Photos § Loi Sessions Goulet’s study of For Example: Deception, Norms and Perception in Photos § Loi Sessions Goulet’s study of My. Space photos (2009) § Users who post these photographs are conforming to a social trend at the expense of their individuality § The presentation of these photographs is narcissistic § These photographs purposefully conceal the body 3/19/2018 The classic “My. Space Angle” pose… Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 5

It is very common for people I know to take time out of their It is very common for people I know to take time out of their day or at a special event for which they are already dressed up, to take dozens of high-quality photographs of themselves with nice backgrounds, in hopes that one of them will be "Facebook profile picture worthy. " …all of these pictures do intend on displaying the person in their most attractive light, so the concept of narcissism is still present. Just the fact that many of us do it to see how many "likes" we can get speaks enough about that aspect. – Aamna Khan I think the fact that the pictures are still of the individuals themselves makes this practice furthers the point that this practice is not deceptive. If we call this deception, we must consider that we are also calling certain real life behaviors deceptive as well--wearing make up is then deceptive, wearing loose clothing is then deceptive. I disagree with this notion. – Anushee Sondi This seems like a real limitation of the profile picture, the inability to selectively disclose yourself like you could your political affiliation or religion. I wonder if there could ever be a way of making one's visual appearance online acceptably ambiguous, without having to go to the full extent of replacing your features in high-definition like in Infinite Jest. – Andrew Head 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 6

Elements of a Profile 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 7 Elements of a Profile 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 7

Strategic vs. authentic vs. aspirational self-presentation Anticipated future interaction? Actual self vs. ideal self? Strategic vs. authentic vs. aspirational self-presentation Anticipated future interaction? Actual self vs. ideal self? “Balancing accuracy and desirability” 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 8

Some Participant Quotes from Nicole Ellison’s Online Dating Research: § “In their profile they Some Participant Quotes from Nicole Ellison’s Online Dating Research: § “In their profile they write about their dreams as if they are reality. ” § “I’ve never known so many incredibly athletic women in my life!” § “I checked my profile and I had lied a little bit about the pounds, so I thought I had better start losing some weight so that it would be more honest. ” Ellison, N. , Heino, R. and Gibbs, J. (2006), Managing Impressions Online: Self. Presentation Processes in the Online Dating Environment. Journal of Computer. Mediated Communication, 11: 415– 441. 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 9

Forming impressions in online dating profiles § “Cognitive misers”: Making the most of limited Forming impressions in online dating profiles § “Cognitive misers”: Making the most of limited cues § Social Information Processing (SIP) (Walther) § Reciprocal re-use of what they notice in others (refinement based on emergent norms) 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 10

Virtue in vagueness: Norah Jones The persona in her songs — let’s not call Virtue in vagueness: Norah Jones The persona in her songs — let’s not call it Ms. Jones herself, because her life couldn't be this dull — might have lived practically anywhere in the developed world, at any time during the last century. Somehow Ms. Jones’s work has managed to make a virtue of vagueness. — The New York Times, Feb. 8, 2004, via Norton, Frost, & Ariely (2007) Norton MI, Frost JH, Ariely D. Less is more: the lure of ambiguity, or why familiarity breeds contempt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2007 Jan; 92(1): 97 -105. 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 11

Vagueness…or Deception? Observed Self-Presentation Profile-based Self-Presentation In lab measure: • Height • Weight • Vagueness…or Deception? Observed Self-Presentation Profile-based Self-Presentation In lab measure: • Height • Weight • Age • Income • Photograph Cross-Validation Hancock, Jeffrey T. , Catalina Toma, and Nicole Ellison. "The truth about lying in online dating profiles. " Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems. ACM, 2007. 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 12

Deception? (Hancock et al. 2007) 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 13 Deception? (Hancock et al. 2007) 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 13

Deception? (Hancock et al. 2007) 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 14 Deception? (Hancock et al. 2007) 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 14

Deception? (Hancock et al. 2007) 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 15 Deception? (Hancock et al. 2007) 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 15

Managing Social Information, and Information Control § Its not just about online dating…online interaction Managing Social Information, and Information Control § Its not just about online dating…online interaction often involves information control to manage our presentation of self for different people in different contexts (e. g. , who you want to see or not see specific photos of you online, whether you want to connect your online commentary with your real name, etc). § Again, we see this link between selfpresentation of self, power of ambiguity, and importance of our perception of the audience. 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 16

Deceptions of Time… 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 17 Deceptions of Time… 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 17

“Interpersonal Awareness Narratives” § Ambiguity of send/receive in asynchronous messaging. § Whereas IM supports “Interpersonal Awareness Narratives” § Ambiguity of send/receive in asynchronous messaging. § Whereas IM supports ongoing conversation, SMS should be more concerned with arranging future social interactions. § Many feel ‘compelled to respond’ – tendency to preserve relationship from response failures. 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 18

“On My Way” Birnholtz et al. 2010 § Sample: 194 students, 18 -20, ~5 “On My Way” Birnholtz et al. 2010 § Sample: 194 students, 18 -20, ~5 years of SMS experience § Recorded and rated their own last 30 SMS outbox messages as deceptive or not (along with other info about the message § Deceptive messages were then coded by the researchers as butler lies or just jocular http: //www. wikihow. com/Know-if-Someone-Is-Lying-in-a-Text § Butler lies were further coded as either entry, exit, or arranging communication. 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 19

Results… § 3 out of 100 messages was a butler lie. § 30% of Results… § 3 out of 100 messages was a butler lie. § 30% of all the coded lies were butler lies. § 81. 5% involve arranging social interaction § 12. 14% entering communication § 6. 36% exiting communication 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 20

Qualitative Assessments of Butler Lies § Temporal Ambiguity “sorry I just saw ur txt!” Qualitative Assessments of Butler Lies § Temporal Ambiguity “sorry I just saw ur txt!” § Activity Ambiguity “I’m eating now. Can I call u later? ” § Location Ambiguity “almost there! lol” 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 21

Do we value knowing when people read our messages more, or do we value Do we value knowing when people read our messages more, or do we value the ability to take advantage of ambiguity more? In the past, I've used extensions like Facebook Unseen so I can read a Facebook message without feeling the pressure to come up with quick decisions and make sound responses. "the absence of information then becomes a source of information itself. " …do we want to control what information is visible at risk of appearing that we are telling butler lies or similar fabrications, or are we okay with a constant default setting that decides for us what information is visible? – Riyana Basu 3/19/2018 Cheshire & King — Computer-Mediated Communication 22