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Collaborating to Create Resilient Organizations and Communities Brandon Hardenbrook, Deputy Director, PNWER Paula Scalingi, Collaborating to Create Resilient Organizations and Communities Brandon Hardenbrook, Deputy Director, PNWER Paula Scalingi, Director, Center for Regional Disaster Resilience Resiliency in Times of Disaster Conference May 25, 2010

“Pacific North. West Economic Region” § PNWER – formed by statute in 1991 § “Pacific North. West Economic Region” § PNWER – formed by statute in 1991 § PNWER is a Public. Private Partnership § Alaska, Alberta, British Columbia, Idaho, Oregon, Montana, Saskatchewan, Washington, Yukon & NW Territories

Private Sector Partners Private Sector Partners

Other PNWER Partners • • • • Border Policy Research Institute University of Lethbridge Other PNWER Partners • • • • Border Policy Research Institute University of Lethbridge Hudson Institute Business Council of BC Canadian American Business Council Woodrow Wilson Center Carleton University AK, WA, OR, ID, MT, BC, AB, SK Emergency Management BC Innovation Council Idaho National Lab Cascadia – Discovery Institute Canadian American Border Trade Alliance Association of WA Businesses US Dept. of Energy Asia Pacific Foundation Border Policy Research Institute • • • • Argonne National Lab Pacific Northwest National Lab Energy Council US Dept. of Homeland Security Applied Science Technologists & Technicians of BC APEGG BC & Alberta Western Economic Diversification Canada Human Resources Social Development Canada Center for Canadian Studies Institute of Health Economics US/Canadian Consulate General National Conf. of State Legislatures Idaho Farm Bureau United Way University of WA

PNWER Working Groups Agriculture Border Issues Energy Environment Health Care Forestry Water High-Tech Infrastructure PNWER Working Groups Agriculture Border Issues Energy Environment Health Care Forestry Water High-Tech Infrastructure Security Each Working Group has a Public & Private Sector Co -Chair Tourism Sustainable Development Trade Transportation Workforce Development

Critical Infrastructure Sectors Critical Infrastructure Sectors

A “System of Systems” Perspective Needed for Analyzing Infrastructure Interdependencies Fuels, Lubricants Fuel Transport, A “System of Systems” Perspective Needed for Analyzing Infrastructure Interdependencies Fuels, Lubricants Fuel Transport, Shipping Oil Fuel for Generators, Lubricants Power for Signaling, Switches Transportation or Water f , ng Cooli ction s Redu mission E Electric Power Wat er fo r SCA DA, Power for Compressors, Storage, Control Systems or Fuel f ors at Gener S Com CADA, mun icati ons Po Sw wer ling itc fo he r s Heat DA, ns SCAnicatio mu Com Coo Com mun ica Natural Gas Telecom tions ping Ship Fuel for Generators Water for SCADA, Communications Power for Pump and Lift Stations, Control Systems pin g Fuel Transport, Shipping Power for Pumping Stations, Storage, Control Systems Sh ip Water for Production, Cooling, Emissions Reduction SCADA, Communications Fuels, Lubricants Production, n uctio , Cooling Em d ns Re issio

Need for Public-Private Partnerships • 2001 PNWER formed Partnership for Regional Infrastructure Security • Need for Public-Private Partnerships • 2001 PNWER formed Partnership for Regional Infrastructure Security • Nearly 9 years later, regional/community resilience now widely accepted goal • Puget Sound Region and WA State considered one of most advanced areas in nation • Tremendous amount of work done, much remains

NIPP and NGA Guide PNWER is referenced in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan as NIPP and NGA Guide PNWER is referenced in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan as the model for bringing the public and private sectors together to address critical infrastructure protection issues. - July 2009 PNWER is listed as a best practice for working with other states and provinces to address critical infrastructure security issues in the NGA’s Governor’s Guide to Homeland Security - March 2007

 • Center for Regional Disaster Resilience – www. regionalresilience. org • Center for Regional Disaster Resilience – www. regionalresilience. org

Center for Regional Disaster Resilience About the RDR Center: The Center serves public and Center for Regional Disaster Resilience About the RDR Center: The Center serves public and private sector organizations and other key stakeholders to identify preparedness gaps and implement cost-effective prevention and mitigation measures to address them Center Goal: To improve the ability of the Pacific Northwest and its communities to protect critical infrastructures and essential services and to withstand all-hazards disasters through raising awareness of infrastructure interdependencies, providing training and education, and developing tools, technologies, and approaches

How the RDR Center Does This • Creating cross-sector partnerships focused on infrastructure security How the RDR Center Does This • Creating cross-sector partnerships focused on infrastructure security • Developing and conducting regional infrastructure interdependencies initiatives • Developing requirements for stakeholder-validated projects and activities to improve regional resilience • Seeking funding to support regional pilot projects to address regional preparedness needs

How the RDR Center Does This, cont. • Overseeing the implementation of projects and How the RDR Center Does This, cont. • Overseeing the implementation of projects and activities in a cost-effective, timely and ethical manner • Conducting outreach, developing and facilitating seminars, workshops and exercises • Communicating stakeholder-validated regional disaster resilience recommendations to state and provincial governments and policymakers

Blue Cascades Regional Exercise Series • Blue Cascades I (2002)—focused on physical disruptions • Blue Cascades Regional Exercise Series • Blue Cascades I (2002)—focused on physical disruptions • Blue Cascades II (2004) focused on both cyber/physical disruptions • Blue Cascades III (2006) recovery & restoration from major earthquake • Blue Cascades IV (2007) critical infrastructures and pandemic preparedness • Blue Cascades V (2008) critical supply chains - food, fuel, water • Blue Cascades VI (2010) floods and H 1 N 1 14

350 Key Stakeholder Representatives at the Blue Cascades III Tabletop Exercise 350 Key Stakeholder Representatives at the Blue Cascades III Tabletop Exercise

Some PNWER Center for Regional Disaster Resilience Projects • Cross-Sector Information Sharing Capability with Some PNWER Center for Regional Disaster Resilience Projects • Cross-Sector Information Sharing Capability with the Washington State Fusion Center • Regional Cyber Security/Resilience Coordination (NWWARN & Northwest Alliance for Cyber Security) • Automated Interdependencies ID Template • Comprehensive Community Bio-Event Resilience Project • PNW Columbia River Basin Regional Assessment/Mitigation Study • Green River Valley Interdependencies Workshop • WS DOT SR 520 Bridge Exercise • SCADA Security Workshops and Cyber Exercise Support • Energy Assurance Planning Workshops • Waterway contingency planning with Coast Guard • Regional Interdependencies Workshops and Blue Cascades Exercises

www. nwwarn. org www. nwwarn. org

What Disaster Resilience Means – The capability to protect against or mitigate significant all-hazard What Disaster Resilience Means – The capability to protect against or mitigate significant all-hazard threats and incidents and to quickly recover and reconstitute critical services with minimum damage to public safety and health, the economy and national security – It’s about adapting— – Having vision, focus, follow-through and fortitude— – Embracing the “new normal” “How to take a licking and keep on ticking”

The Resilience Tautology • Resilient assets, infrastructures and communities require resilient regions • Resiliency The Resilience Tautology • Resilient assets, infrastructures and communities require resilient regions • Resiliency requires understanding which assets and services are critical in any scenario • Understanding criticality depends upon understanding interdependencies among infrastructures and other stakeholder organizations (criticality is dynamic) • Understanding interdependencies requires cross-sector and multi-jurisdiction information sharing from the grass roots to national levels, cross-border and all sectors • This information sharing requires the creation of an environment of trust where stakeholders feel ‘safe’ to share their vulnerabilities, idea, and work together

What Community Resilience Requires • Recognition by one or more influential local leaders of What Community Resilience Requires • Recognition by one or more influential local leaders of the importance of cooperation and collaboration because of interdependencies • Willingness of a state, local government or a nonprofit organization to mobilize and facilitate a partnership • Have a process to enable regional stakeholders and community leaders to mutually identify needs and solutions • Developing ways to provide encouragement, technical expertise, resources, and sustainability to improve disaster resilience • Providing best practices that key stakeholders can customize to meet community & organizational needs

Blue Cascades Series Integrated Regional Action Plan Covers broad spectrum of needs: § All Blue Cascades Series Integrated Regional Action Plan Covers broad spectrum of needs: § All hazards threat assessment § Interdependencies and related vulnerabilities § Risk Assessment and Management § Prevention and Mitigation § Cooperation and coordination/information sharing § Communications and critical IT infrastructure impacts § Roles and responsibilities/Incident management § Response and restoration § Resource management § Operations and business continuity § Supply chains and logistics § Human factors § Legal and liability issues § Public information/media as a “first responder” and communicator /training and education

Integrated Action Plan, cont. • Compilation of Action Plans developed from lessons learned from Integrated Action Plan, cont. • Compilation of Action Plans developed from lessons learned from the first five Blue Cascades Exercises • Reflects a continuous process of improving allhazards preparedness and resilience by the Puget Sound Partnership for Regional Infrastructure Security with PNWER’s Center for Regional Disaster Resilience • Specifies short, medium and long-term activities that have been completed, are underway, or are yet to be initiated • Serves as an informal measurement of progress made towards resilience

Integrated Action Plan, cont. • Is a flexible tool that is meant to be Integrated Action Plan, cont. • Is a flexible tool that is meant to be a “living document” and to be revised and updated • Many activities have been completed or are underway • Availability of resources and changing stakeholder priorities based on perceived needs are major factors governing which activities have been completed, are ongoing, or yet to be addressed

Enabling Communities to Become Resilient—Where do we go from here? Discussion Questions: • What Enabling Communities to Become Resilient—Where do we go from here? Discussion Questions: • What other needs and activities do you think should be added to the Integrated Action Strategy? • What could be done to further develop and sustain partnerships among stakeholders to improve disaster resilience? • How can colleges and other academic institutions best help to empower and assist communities to improve disaster resilience?