CHIU Lai Yu Bonnie Associate Head Department of

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 CHIU Lai Yu Bonnie Associate Head Department of Journalism School of Communication Hong Kong Baptist CHIU Lai Yu Bonnie Associate Head Department of Journalism School of Communication Hong Kong Baptist University. Skype Guest Lecture to Samara State University, Russia

 CHIU Lai Yu Bonnie Associate Head Department of Journalism School of Communication Hong Kong Baptist CHIU Lai Yu Bonnie Associate Head Department of Journalism School of Communication Hong Kong Baptist University. Hong Kong Soc i ety and Media System

Hong Kong Baptist University • Asian Correspondent: one of world’s top 10 journalism schools for AsianHong Kong Baptist University • Asian Correspondent: one of world’s top 10 journalism schools for Asian students • Academy of Film, Journalism, Communication Studies (PRA)

Hong Kong Baptist University • Pulitzer Prize Winners Workshop/Study trips: e. g. North Korea, U. S.Hong Kong Baptist University • Pulitzer Prize Winners Workshop/Study trips: e. g. North Korea, U. S. France, Cambodia • http: //nk 14. journalism. hkbu. edu. hk/

Communication Studies Department http: //www. coms. hkbu. edu. hk/ 1. Digital Graphic Communication 2. Organizational CommunicationCommunication Studies Department http: //www. coms. hkbu. edu. hk/ 1. Digital Graphic Communication 2. Organizational Communication 3. Public Relations and Advertising

Self-introduction : Bonnie CHIU • B orn and raised in Hong Kong • BSSc in Communication/MASelf-introduction : Bonnie CHIU • B orn and raised in Hong Kong • BSSc in Communication/MA in Legal Studies • Q ualified solicitor • W orked as anchor and reporter • Beats: Chinese leaders, diplomacy • Teaching broadcast journalism; news anchoring, media law and ethics etc. ➔ Challenge journalists to explore economic and social issues in their community

Self-introduction: B o nnie CHIU http : //journalism. hkbu. edu. hk / http: //nk 14. journalism.Self-introduction: B o nnie CHIU http : //journalism. hkbu. edu. hk / http: //nk 14. journalism. hkbu. edu. hk / http: //www. tudou. com/programs/view/GR-p-5 j 9 Jiw/ https: //www. facebook. com/video. php? v=

Self-introduction: B o nnie CHIU • Married • with 3 kids • Want to influence youngSelf-introduction: B o nnie CHIU • Married • with 3 kids • Want to influence young minds to make our society better

 Hong Kong • www. worldatlas. com    www. maps. com Hong Kong • www. worldatlas. com www. maps. com

Hong Kong Hong Kong

About Hong Kong • Part of Southeast Asia • Was a British colony before 1997 •About Hong Kong • Part of Southeast Asia • Was a British colony before 1997 • After 1997, it is a part of China • 426 sq miles (1, 104 km²) • About 7. 15 million of population (2012) • About 98% was Chinese • Official languages: Chinese and English

About Hong Kong • The freest economy in the world • I nternational business and financialAbout Hong Kong • The freest economy in the world • I nternational business and financial centre • Next door to mainland China • GDP per capita 36, 795. 82 USD (2012) • Major industries include banking, servicing and tourism etc. ➔ Challenge journalists to explore economic and social issues in their community

How HK is different from China?  • Capitalism, not communism  • Have high degreeHow HK is different from China? • Capitalism, not communism • Have high degree of automony and things will remain unchanged for 50 years (till 2047) • Rule of law, free press • Division of Powers: Executive, Legislature and Judiciary ➔ Challenge journalists to explore economic and social issues in their community

Hong Kong’s protest culture • A city of protests: peacful Hong Kong’s protest culture • A city of protests: peacful

HK’s most current political issues • 1200 people can vote for the head of Hong Kong,HK’s most current political issues • 1200 people can vote for the head of Hong Kong, the Chief Executive (out of about 8 million of population) • The government has proposed to change • But some including pan-democrats want to have universal suffrage by 2017 • More tensions and protests ➔ Challenge journalists to explore economic and social issues in their community

HK’s most current political issues  • 740, 000 (10 of population) voted in a referendumHK’s most current political issues • 740, 000 (10% of population) voted in a referendum in late June for how HK’s Chief Executive should be elected • Central Government: No constitutional grounds, illegal and invalid • HK Government: No more than an expression of opinions

Occupy Central Media’s campaign:  http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=AHV 9 LRxv. Kv 4 CNN’s report:Occupy Central Media’s campaign: http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=AHV 9 LRxv. Kv 4 CNN’s report: http: //edition. cnn. com/2014/09/29/opinio n/piekos-occupy-hong-kong/

How Press Freedom is protected?  • Hong Kong Basic Law Article 27:  Hong KongHow Press Freedom is protected? • Hong Kong Basic Law Article 27: Hong Kong residents shall have freedom of speech, of the press and of publication; freedom of association, of assembly, of procession and of demonstration; and the right and freedom to form and join trade unions, and to strike. • Over 200 international treaties such as International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) etc. are applicable in HK • The Bill of Rights Ordinance (Cap 383), enacted in

Some information about HK Media  • Most media organizations owned by private enterprises • TheSome information about HK Media • Most media organizations owned by private enterprises • The Press is very divided: pro-government, neutral and anti-government • 1 government-funded public service broadcaster : Radio Television Hong Kong

Some information about HK Media  • 53 daily newspapers and 701 periodicals  • 27Some information about HK Media • 53 daily newspapers and 701 periodicals • 27 Chinese-language dailies, 12 English-language dailies, 9 bilingual dailies • Chinese-language dailies, 22 cover mainly local and overseas general news; 3 specialize in finance; and the rest cover horse racing (As at July 31, 2013) (source: HK government)

Some information about HK Media  • 2 domestic free TV stations: we want more •Some information about HK Media • 2 domestic free TV stations: we want more • 3 domestic pay TV stations • 18 non-domestic TV program service licensees and • 4 radio broadcasting corporations

Some information about HK Media  • About 100 media organizations including broadcasters, TV channels, Some information about HK Media • About 100 media organizations including broadcasters, TV channels, and news agencies • 270 different pay and free-to-air television channels

Some information about HK Media  • This sector employs nearly 38, 000 people in aroundSome information about HK Media • This sector employs nearly 38, 000 people in around 4, 000 printing and publishing houses • Mobility in the industry is high • Journalists usually stay for several years after graduation and then switch to other professions

Media Policy: Print • No press law or media law; self-regulatory • Registration of newspapers: veryMedia Policy: Print • No press law or media law; self-regulatory • Registration of newspapers: very easy • The Hong Kong Press Council is not effective • Subject to ordinances regarding obscenity and indecency, defamation, privacy, copyright etc.

Media Policy: Print • 3 classes for articles regarding obscenity and indecency: suitable for every one;Media Policy: Print • 3 classes for articles regarding obscenity and indecency: suitable for every one; not suitable for people under 18; and not suitable for any one • Articles can be submitted to a Tribunal to classify • The Hong Kong media seldom submit their publication for classification before publication because of press freedom and time constraints. • After publication, the media may be fined or prosecuted

Media Policy: Broadcast & Internet • Broadcasting Organizations must be licensed and meet conditions set out:Media Policy: Broadcast & Internet • Broadcasting Organizations must be licensed and meet conditions set out: strict • Communications Authority, a statutory body to regulate • Have to follow TV program code and Radio program code • Internet: the rules are far from well-defined

Major current issues re HK Media • World Press Freedom Index 2014: 61 st • Self-censorshipMajor current issues re HK Media • World Press Freedom Index 2014: 61 st • Self-censorship because of economic and political reasons • Traditional media losing readers/viewers • Challenge from the news media/social networks • Blurring the line between journalism and entertainment: Apple Daily’s Action News

Major current issues re HK Media (1)  Tiger Woods’ car crash http: //www. youtube. com/watch?Major current issues re HK Media (1) Tiger Woods’ car crash http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=1 Ott. OQw. YO 5 c (with English subtitles) (2) EFE International News’ story about animated news: http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Zy. BNz_ziw. AY (3) Australian Election : Ross and Jon http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=y_r. OMh. CHK 50 (source: Taiwan Apple Daily’s animation: http: //www. appledaily. com. tw/animation)

Advertising & Journalism in HK • Free advertising environment, subject to media law (obscene and indecency,Advertising & Journalism in HK • Free advertising environment, subject to media law (obscene and indecency, in-direct advertising etc. ) • ABC: Audit Bureau of Circulations • Advertorial , brand journalism • Tension between Marketing and News

Advertising & Journalism in HK • China factor (spending money as a strategy as the countryAdvertising & Journalism in HK • China factor (spending money as a strategy as the country and market is too big)

References • Hong Kong The Facts: The Media http: //www. gov. hk/en/abouthk/factsheets/docs/media. pdf • http: //wwwReferences • Hong Kong The Facts: The Media http: //www. gov. hk/en/abouthk/factsheets/docs/media. pdf • http: //www 1. investhk. gov. hk/ • Doreen Weisenhaus (2007) Hong Kong Media Law A Guide for Journalists and Media Professionals. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press • http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Media_of_Hong_Kong

Questions and Thank You Questions and Thank You