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Chemistry Subject POSt Information
Planning Your Degree and Beyond … What do I want from my degree? Career Goals? • Private sector • Public Sector • Government, University, Education, Hospitals … • Graduate School (M. Sc. / Ph. D. ) • Professional Programs (Medicine, Law, Business, Pharmacy, etc. ) 2
Planning Your Degree and Beyond … What do you need/want to develop? • How to think / philosophy • Knowledge • Experience • Skills – scientific, technical, laboratory, communication (oral/written), problemsolving, “soft” (people), leadership / teamwork • Networking 3
Planning Your Degree and Beyond … How does this impact your degree? Subject POSt (Program of Study) & Course Choices How hard do I need/want to work? What GPA do I need? Scholarships and entrance requirements? Recommendation letters? Lab experience? Research experience? Job experience? Travel? 4 Extracurricular?
Career Opportunities B. Sc. in Chemistry leads to numerous career paths
Chemistry Subject POSt Options Chemistry specialist programs (14 credits out of 20)… Type 2 (minimum mark of 63% in First year CHM courses) Chemical Physics Biological Chemistry Synthetic & Catalytic Chemistry Environmental Chemistry Materials Chemistry 6
Differences In Specialist Programs l Major differences in specialist programs begin at the 300 -level l Most open-ended is Chemistry Specialist (flexible to focus on organic, inorganic, analytical courses, etc). Must take four 300 -level courses with a laboratory component l Biological, Environmental, Chemical Physics, Materials, Synthetic & Catalytic Chemistry have mandatory core 300 - and 400 -level courses 7
Biological Chemistry Specialist The study of the chemistry of biological systems. Nature at the atomic and molecular level. Biochemistry Cell Biological Chemistry Pathway Biomolecule Atoms CO 2 + H 20 <===> HCO 3 - + H+ For example: Biological catalysis, biosynthesis, protein switching, receptors, carbohydrate chemistry, genetic regulation, bioinorganic chemistry, chemical genetics, signaling, transport
Biological Chemistry Specialist Career Opportunities • Graduate school – chemistry, biophysics, pharmacy • Professional schools – medicine, law, dentistry, pharmacy, business • Biotech Industry • Pharmaceutical Industry • Academics – Universities, primary and secondary education • Government labs, public policy • Science journalism • Consulting
Chemistry Specialist Broad coverage in core areas of chemistry plus introductory courses in mathematics and physics. Flexible requirements in 3 rd and 4 th Year course requirements allows students to tailor their course choices. Suitable for professional work in any area of chemistry and for entry into graduate school.
Chemistry Specialist Covers research areas not covered by other specialty programs: • Organic and Inorganic Synthesis • Organometallic Chemistry & Catalysis • Medicinal & Pharmaceutical Chemistry • Analytical Chemistry • Molecular Devices
Chemical Physics Specialist Chemical Physics can be characterized as the quest to lay bare the underlying basic explanations of the structure and dynamics of molecular and bulk-matter systems, in terms of the interactions of atoms and molecules. The subject matter covers vast territory, including: • Explaining the behavior of polymers, fluids and solids, self-assembly of complex systems. • Dynamics of simple and complex systems. • Study of biophysical systems: enzyme catalysis, protein structure and dynamics, molecular motors, energy transduction, packing of DNA. • Properties of nanoscale systems. • Molecular collisions and scattering theory, coherent quantum processes, non-linear chemical dynamics, chemical processes at surfaces. • The quantum structure of molecules, photochemistry, heterogeneous kinetics and reaction dynamics. • Interactions of light and matter, control of chemical processes, new laser technologies
Chemical Physics Specialist Why study chemical physics? Because it is fun! Example: Building new laser systems. Possible career options: 1. Academia. 2. Government research labs. 3. Industrial research labs. • Photonics & laser industry • Pure research • Drug design in pharmaceutical industry 4. Scientific software developer.
Materials Science Specialist A Collaborative Program between the Faculty of Arts & Science and the Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering Materials science is the study of the structure, properties, and applications of all types of materials including metals, ceramics, glasses and polymers. Examples of materials with advanced properties: • • • amorphous metals liquid crystals semiconductors nanostructured materials photonic crystals high critical temperature superconductors • • biomaterials high strength polymers composite materials polymers for tissue engineering • materials for drug delivery
Materials Science Specialist Materials science is an interdisciplinary program drawing on the basic sciences of chemistry, physics, polymers, metallurgy and ceramics. The tools of investigation of material structure include • electron microscopy • x-ray diffraction • Auger emission spectroscopy • x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy • FT-IR spectroscopy • Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopy • Confocal Fluorescent Microscopy
Synthetic and Catalytic Chemistry Specialist Broad coverage in core areas of chemistry in 1 st and 2 nd Years plus introductory courses in mathematics, physics and biochemistry. 3 rd and 4 th Year course requirements focussed on the areas of synthesis and catalysis in organic and inorganic chemistry. Suitable for professional work in chemistry and for entry into graduate school.
Synthetic and Catalytic Chemistry Specialist • Catalysis is revolutionizing the science, technology and art of chemical synthesis. • Modern synthetic methods allow for the formation of many classes of molecules, in a manner that quite simply would not have been possible twenty, or even ten, years ago. For example, newly approved pharmaceuticals are not only being increasingly synthesized in bulk using catalytic reactions, but their discovery is often facilitated using catalysis at the earliest stages of the research and development programs. • These advances represent a mere fraction of the possibilities for innovation and discovery in this field that will surely emerge in the future.
Synthetic and Catalytic Chemistry Specialist Career opportunities This program is quite distinct from the other Chemistry Specialist programs. The required courses provide students with a laboratory intensive learning experience, and include a requirement for upper level independent research. Such synthetically trained students are in high demand in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, crop protection, materials and related discovery intensive sectors. For example, the training obtained in the area of synthesis and catalysis is considered to be the ideal preparation for entry into medicinal and process chemistry departments in pharma/biotech companies.
Environmental Chemistry Specialist What is it? Issues? How? Study of chemical changes in the environment arising from humankind’s activities Air pollution, climate change, organic pollutants, soil contamination, water quality Analysis of contaminant levels (analytical) Kinetics and mechanism studies (physical, organic)
Environmental Chemistry Specialist With whom? Toxicologists, atmospheric scientists, oceanographers, geologists, ecologists, statisticians, epidemiologists, … Where? In the lab Everywhere else – e. g. the Arctic, Lake Ontario, Environment Canada field stations, … Afterwards? Academics, government labs, environmental consulting, emerging technologies for energy, public advocacy, public policy, education
Chemistry Major (Type 2) l Eight full courses - MAT 1**Y + seven CHM l At least two core 200 -level courses l At least two 300 -level courses with a laboratory component l CHM 249 H strongly recommended! 21
Chemistry Minor (Type 1) l Four full CHM courses l At least one core 200 -level course CHM 249 H strongly recommended! l At least one 300 -level course with a laboratory component 22
Environmental Chemistry Minor (Type 1) l CHM 138 H + CHM 139 H or CHM 151 Y l CHM 210 H, plus one full course equivalent from 200 -level courses. l CHM 310 H, plus any two of CHM 317 H, CHM 410 H, CHM 415 H 23
Nanoscience Minor (Type 3) An International Exchange Program between the University of Toronto and National University of Singapore This physical science-based minor program represents a unique opportunity to study chemistry and physics in a different cultural environment. Students take core subjects at the first-year level in Toronto and spend the spring semester of their second or third year at the National University of Singapore, where they are enrolled in lecture courses and undertake a faculty-supervised research project.
200 -Level Chemistry Courses CHM 210 H – Chemistry of Environmental Change CHM 217 H – Introduction to Analytical Chemistry CHM 220 H – Physical Chemistry for Life Sciences CHM 222 H – Introduction to Physical Chemistry CHM 223 H – Physical Chemistry: The Molecular Viewpoint CHM 238 Y – Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry CHM 247 H – Introductory Organic Chemistry CHM 249 H – Organic Chemistry 25
Selecting 2 nd Year Chemistry Courses § The second-year courses introduce the students to their chosen field of studies in biological, physical, organic, inorganic materials and analytical chemistry. § The 2 nd year courses are in the 4 areas of studies, namely, Analytical, Physical, Organic, and Inorganic, as the table in the next slide shows. So depending on which program you signed up on, the table guides you which 2 nd year chemistry to take. § In reality, it is only in the areas of Physical chemistry and Organic chemistry, where you may have a choice, although we strongly recommend the more appropriate course. l l (CHM 222 H-recommended or CHM 220 H) + CHM 223 H CHM 249 H (strongly recommended) or CHM 247 H § How you do in your 2 nd year courses determine how strongly prepared you will be in your 3 rd year courses, especially when most of the courses require minimum mark of 63%.
Second Year Chemistry Course Requirements Analytical Chemistry Programs (subject POSTs) Chemistry specialist Biological Chemistry specialist Chemical Physics specialist Environmental Chemistry specialist Materials Science specialist Synthetic and Catalytic Chemistry specialist Physical (note 2) CHM 217 H CHM 220 H CHM 222 H Organic CHM 223 H CHM 249 H required required either required req/option required required either required CHM 247 H required either (CHM 249 H strongly recommended) required either (CHM 249 H strongly recommended) Chemistry major required req/option required choice of one, minimum Environmental Chemistry minor CHM 238 Y choice of two, minimum Chemistry minor Inorganic one full-course equivalent Minor in Nanoscience Refer to Arts & Science Calendar for courses at National University of Singapore Notes: 1. For additional non-chemistry 200 -level course requirements, refer to Arts & Science Calendar. 2. MAT 235 Y is recommended co-requisite of physical chemistry courses. 3. notation key: required either - choice between specified two courses, . req/option - required, but alternate options possible; refer to Arts & Science Calendar for explanation. 27
Why CHM 249 H rather than CHM 247 H? l An enhanced experience over CHM 247 H – smaller lectures, more laboratory time, smaller lab demo groups, better experiments… l CHM 247 H designed for students who will (likely) take no more organic or other chemistry course 28
Enrolling In A Subject POSt l Starts beginning of April l Information about Subject POSt enrolment http: //www. artsci. utoronto. ca/current/course/ subject-post-enrolment l Chemistry Subject POSt listing http: //www. chem. utoronto. ca/undergrad/overview. php l Enjoy your Subject POSt!
Final Words of Advice. . . l Start planning your courses, programs and other aspects of your academic career now ! Experience and expertise count. l If you are interested in entering a chemistry (or science) graduate program, then you should strongly consider getting research experience as an undergraduate. l CHM 299 Y l CHM 396 H, CHM 397 H, CHM 398 H/399 Y l CHM 499 Y l Summer Projects l Grades and GPA’s are important to determine scholarships and entrance requirements for graduate school and professional programs l Choose your program and courses in subjects you enjoy ! 30
Further Information. . . l Ask for advice !!! (on subject POSts, courses, labs, ANYTHING) ! l Undergraduate Office - LM 151 l Armando Marquez Undergraduate Counselor [email protected] utoronto. ca Mark Nitz Associate Chair (Undergraduate Studies) [email protected] utoronto. ca and COME IN PERSON! 31