Скачать презентацию Chapter 8 What is it to be Canadian Скачать презентацию Chapter 8 What is it to be Canadian

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Chapter 8 What is it to be Canadian? ►French/English Relations ►Multiculturalism ►Aboriginal Peoples Chapter 8 What is it to be Canadian? ►French/English Relations ►Multiculturalism ►Aboriginal Peoples

Maurice Duplessis (pre-1960) Traditional: ► Church ► Farm ► Family Corruption ► Gave contracts Maurice Duplessis (pre-1960) Traditional: ► Church ► Farm ► Family Corruption ► Gave contracts to foreign investors who contributed to his party

The Quiet Revolution in Quebec 1960 s ► Jean Lesage (liberal) ► “Time for The Quiet Revolution in Quebec 1960 s ► Jean Lesage (liberal) ► “Time for Change” ► Modernization (education, politics, etc. ) ► “Masters in or own house” ► Strengthen control of own economy ► Less reliance on church

Birth of FLQ and Separatism (early 1960 s) ► Front de Liberation du Quebec Birth of FLQ and Separatism (early 1960 s) ► Front de Liberation du Quebec ► Terrorist separatist group ► Parti Quebecois (PQ) formed in 1968 ► Separatist Party ► Rene Lesvque

New Flag 1965 ► Pearson decided a new flag would help represent all Canadians New Flag 1965 ► Pearson decided a new flag would help represent all Canadians ► Maple Leaf chosen ► Divided French and English even further

Bilingualism ► Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism ► The Bi and Bi Commission Bilingualism ► Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism ► The Bi and Bi Commission created by Pearson ► Trudeau (1969) Official Languages Act ► Canada becomes officially bilingual

Official Bilingualism ► Federal gov’t services required in both English and French ► More Official Bilingualism ► Federal gov’t services required in both English and French ► More French training courses/school

October Crisis 1970 ► FLQ strikes ► Front de Liberation du Quebec ► Kidnaps October Crisis 1970 ► FLQ strikes ► Front de Liberation du Quebec ► Kidnaps James Cross ► Kidnaps Pierre Laporte

War Measures Act ► Trudeau invokes War Measures Act ► First time outside War War Measures Act ► Trudeau invokes War Measures Act ► First time outside War ► Civil liberties suspended ► Arrests without reason

Results ► Laporte is found dead in the trunk of a car ► Cross Results ► Laporte is found dead in the trunk of a car ► Cross is released in exchange for political asylum in Cuba by kidnappers

Party Quebecois ► Rene Levesque ► Forms provincial separatist Party ► Bill 101 ► Party Quebecois ► Rene Levesque ► Forms provincial separatist Party ► Bill 101 ► Charter of the French Language ► Only official language in Quebec ► All street signs in French

1980 Referendum ► Referendum called based on ‘Sovereignty Association’. ► Result 40% in Quebec 1980 Referendum ► Referendum called based on ‘Sovereignty Association’. ► Result 40% in Quebec voted YES ► 60% voted NO

1982 Patriating the Constitution ► Charter of Right and Freedoms created through Trudeau in 1982 Patriating the Constitution ► Charter of Right and Freedoms created through Trudeau in 1982 ► Quebec disagrees but is brought in through a late night ‘Kitchen Compromise’ ► Notwithstanding clause allows some provinces a way out

1987 Meech Lake Mulroney Tries to bring Quebec into Constitution ► ‘distinct society’ clause 1987 Meech Lake Mulroney Tries to bring Quebec into Constitution ► ‘distinct society’ clause ► Aboriginals said what about them? ► Two Provinces disagreed, Newfoundland Manitoba ► Bloc Quebecois is formed ► As a federal Separatist party ► Humiliation Day in Quebec ►

Charlottetown 1992 ► Again Tries to bring Quebec into the constitution ► National Referendum Charlottetown 1992 ► Again Tries to bring Quebec into the constitution ► National Referendum ► 54. 5% of Canadians rejected it ► Mostly in BC ► Gave too much power to Quebec ► Aboriginal groups?

1995 Referendum ► Provincial Referendum ► Results 49. 4 YES ► 50. 6 NO 1995 Referendum ► Provincial Referendum ► Results 49. 4 YES ► 50. 6 NO ► Very close to accepting seperation ► Supreme court is summoned to look at ‘clarity bill’ just in case!