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CDEMA & (The RRM) CDEMA & (The RRM)

“No State, no matter how powerful, can by its own efforts alone make itself “No State, no matter how powerful, can by its own efforts alone make itself invulnerable to today’s threats. Every State requires the cooperation of other States to make itself secure. It is in every State’s interest, accordingly, to cooperate with other States to address their most pressing threats, because doing so will maximize the chances of reciprocal cooperation to address its own threat priorities. ” (Report of United Nations High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change December 2004 – A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility. )

WHAT IS THE RRM? • The Regional Response Mechanism (RRM) is an arrangement for WHAT IS THE RRM? • The Regional Response Mechanism (RRM) is an arrangement for the coordination of disaster response among CDEMA Participating States, Regional and International Agencies • Seeks to deliver speedy response and effective and efficient use and management of resources • Tried and tested mechanism for emergency coordination – familiarity of actors and processes.

The Regional Response Mechanism: An Overview • The RRM is: – A number of The Regional Response Mechanism: An Overview • The RRM is: – A number of Plans, Procedures & Guidelines – A group of Response Units, agencies and organizations – A collection of Agreements, Memorandum of Understanding and Protocols • Executed by the CDEMA Coordinated Unit on behalf of CDEMA Participating States

Components of the Regional Response Mechanism v The Regional Coordination Centre (RCC) v The Components of the Regional Response Mechanism v The Regional Coordination Centre (RCC) v The Regional Coordination Plan (RCP) v The Regional Telecommunications Plan v Response Teams – The CARICOM Disaster Relief Unit (CDRU) – The Rapid Needs Assessment Team (RNAT) – The Regional Urban Search & Rescue Light Level Team (USAR LL) v The Eastern Caribbean Donor Group (ECDG) v The North Western Caribbean Donor Group (NWCDG) v National Disaster Plans, Specialized Plans, etc. v Regional Warehouses v MOU, Acts, SOPs

The Regional Response Mechanism The Regional Response Mechanism

Coordination of the RRM • CDEMA CU coordinates the Regional Response Mechanism (RRM) in Coordination of the RRM • CDEMA CU coordinates the Regional Response Mechanism (RRM) in the Caribbean • CDEMA CU is the focal point for effecting the plan with the support of other partners (donors, specialized agencies etc. ) • CDEMA CU solicits assistance on behalf of and for its 18 Participating States • Response philosophy: CDEMA's response to natural and technological disasters will be dictated by the type, magnitude and complexity of the emergency and by the Participating State(s) capacity to respond

Triggering the Mechanism • The Regional Coordination Plan defines the framework for effecting the Triggering the Mechanism • The Regional Coordination Plan defines the framework for effecting the multi-lateral agreements of CDEMA PS to assist each other in times of disasters • Organized in 2 Parts: – Basic Plan: triggering mechanism for activating plan (3 levels) and concept of operations – Functional Annexes: SOPs for specific response functions (SAR) or specialized groups (ECDG, CDRU); References (CDEMA Agreement, MOU) • The RCP is in support of National Plans and as such the National Plans must make provisions for triggering the RRM • System based on a three tiered response mechanism

Levels of Response LEVEL I - Local Incident - no external assistance required nnnnnnn Levels of Response LEVEL I - Local Incident - no external assistance required nnnnnnn • An incident at the local level in any of CDEMA Participating States for which resources are adequate and available • CDEMA CU – monitoring and information sharing

Levels of Response Cont’d LEVEL II- Specialized Equipment and Experts • Event does not Levels of Response Cont’d LEVEL II- Specialized Equipment and Experts • Event does not overwhelm national capacity to respond but some external assistance required (e. g. Andrew - Bahamas, 1992; Debby - St Lucia, 1994, Keith - Belize, 2000, Dean – Jamaica, 2007; Ike - Turks & Caicos Islands, 2008 ; Tomas - Saint Lucia, 2010) • State of emergency may or may not be declared • CDEMA CU provides technical assistance, specialized equipment, support personnel

Levels of Response Cont’d LEVEL III – Support Required • Event overwhelms capacity of Levels of Response Cont’d LEVEL III – Support Required • Event overwhelms capacity of affected State to respond. • Major external operation mounted. Possible request for additional support from other regions and international agencies anticipated (Hurricanes Gilbert – Jamaica, 1988, Hugo – Montserrat, 1989, Lenny – 7 Eastern Caribbean Countries, 1999, Ivan – Grenada, 2004; Haiti Earthquake - 2010)

Response Teams Regional USAR LL Team The CDRU for 2009/2010 The RNAT - Saint Response Teams Regional USAR LL Team The CDRU for 2009/2010 The RNAT - Saint Lucia 2010

Regional USAR LL Team Training Regional USAR LL Team Training

Towards Developing a Common Agenda: The Integration of Global, Regional and National Systems for Towards Developing a Common Agenda: The Integration of Global, Regional and National Systems for Humanitarian Assistance in the Caribbean

National Level Coordination The National Disaster Organization led by National Disaster Office (umbrella network National Level Coordination The National Disaster Organization led by National Disaster Office (umbrella network of units and authorities concerned with various aspects of DM) are responsible for national coordination: 1. Through the NEOC, provides centralized coordination and control of emergency/disaster response and relief operations 2. Collaborates with local, regional and international government and NGO institutions in provision of relief assistance 3. Ensures efficient movement of supplies 4. Ensures efficient assimilation and dissemination of disaster information 5. Enters into MOU with owners and suppliers of critical infrastructure

Regional Level Coordination CDEMA is responsible for regional coordination. CDERA’s main function: 1. To Regional Level Coordination CDEMA is responsible for regional coordination. CDERA’s main function: 1. To make an immediate and coordinated response to any disastrous event affecting its Participating State, once the state requests such assistance Other functions include: 2. Securing, collating and channelling comprehensive and reliable information on regional disasters to interested governmental and non-governmental organizations; 3. Mitigating or eliminating, as far as possible, the consequences of disasters affecting PS; 4. Promoting the establishment, enhancement and maintenance of adequate disaster response capabilities in PS; and 5. Mobilizing and coordinating disaster relief for affected PS from governmental and non-governmental organizations

Global Level Coordination • United Nations agencies are recognized as lead for coordination among Global Level Coordination • United Nations agencies are recognized as lead for coordination among the international community. • Objective of humanitarian reform: “Humanitarian reform seeks to improve the effectiveness of humanitarian response by ensuring greater predictability, accountability and partnership. It is an ambitious effort by the international humanitarian community to reach more beneficiaries, with more comprehensive needs -based relief and protection, in a more effective and timely manner. ” Source: http: //www. humanitarianreform. org

Towards the Integration of Systems • There is a common thread linked to desired Towards the Integration of Systems • There is a common thread linked to desired outcomes • Appropriate to reduce the parallelism and strengthen the interfacing of systems to form an integrated approach • Following figures provide a concept of global, regional and national elements of the pillars of Humanitarian reform as a basis for crafting the interface

Pillars of UN Global Humanitarian Reform International Response Mechanism CLUSTER APPROACH ØEleven (11) Cluster Pillars of UN Global Humanitarian Reform International Response Mechanism CLUSTER APPROACH ØEleven (11) Cluster leads 1 HUMANITARIAN COORDINATORS ØHumanitarian Coordinators ØResident Coordinators 2 HUMANITARIAN FINANCING ØCERF ØGHD ØCAP ØNAF 3 PARTNERSHIP ØUN agencies ØHumanitarian partners ØNGOs ØIFRC 4

Pillars of the RRM REGIONAL RESPONSE MECHANISM CDM CLUSTER LEADS COORDINATORS REGIONAL FINANCE MECHANISMS Pillars of the RRM REGIONAL RESPONSE MECHANISM CDM CLUSTER LEADS COORDINATORS REGIONAL FINANCE MECHANISMS ØHead, CDEMA CU ØHealth ØHead, SRFPs (4) ØAgriculture ØEducation ØSpecial Coordinator, CDRU ØTourism ØHead, ECDG ØRelief Policy and Donations Mgmt Policy ØCDB (grant, loan) ØECDG ØWCDG ØEAF ACTS/ POLICIES/ PLANS/TOOLS/ MOUs/SOPs/ AGREEMENTS/ JOINT EXCERCISES ØRCP/MIRP ØTechnical agencies ØTransport services ØMulti-national, interagency training and exercising

National Response Mechanism NATIONAL RESPONSE MECHANISM NATIONAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE FUNCTIONS ØNDOs ØGov’t ministries/ national National Response Mechanism NATIONAL RESPONSE MECHANISM NATIONAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE FUNCTIONS ØNDOs ØGov’t ministries/ national CDM cluster leads COORDINATORS ØNational Disaster Coordinators ØSenior officials NATIONAL FINANCE MECHANISMS ØNational Disaster Contingency Fund ØTechnical agencies ØTransport services ØIn-country training and exercising ØGov’t Agencies 1 ACTS/POLICIES/ PLANS/MOUs/ AGREEMENTS/ SOPs/NATIONAL TOOLS & EXCERCISES 2 3 4

EXERCISE FAHUM 2009 This allowed CDERA the opportunity to deploy the CDRU, the Regional EXERCISE FAHUM 2009 This allowed CDERA the opportunity to deploy the CDRU, the Regional SAR Team & the Rapid Needs Assessment Team to the impacted state during the Exercise

The Way Forward CDEMA CU will continue to: • Act as a hub for The Way Forward CDEMA CU will continue to: • Act as a hub for information, consultation and coordination for the region • Provide Participating States and regional/international partners with a focal point for coordination • Conduct regional simulation/tests (FAHUM, Trade Winds, Region Rap) with key regional, intra-regional and international actors

Point of Contact: CDEMA CU CARIBBEAN DISASTER EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (CDEMA) Building No. 1, Point of Contact: CDEMA CU CARIBBEAN DISASTER EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (CDEMA) Building No. 1, Manor Lodge Complex Lodge Hill, Saint Michael, BARBADOS Tel. No. (246) 425 -0386 Fax. No. (246) 425 -8854 Email: [email protected] org URL: www. cdema. org

THE END ANY QUESTIONS? ? ? THANK YOU THE END ANY QUESTIONS? ? ? THANK YOU

Coordinating the Regional Agencies in the Caribbean BG (R) Earl Arthurs Preparedness & Contingency Coordinating the Regional Agencies in the Caribbean BG (R) Earl Arthurs Preparedness & Contingency Planning Specialist Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) December 8, 2010

AGENDA • • Introduction to CARICOM IMPACS Functions Coordinating the Regional Agencies Implementation Arrangements AGENDA • • Introduction to CARICOM IMPACS Functions Coordinating the Regional Agencies Implementation Arrangements Training Emerging Issues Questions

CARICOM CARICOM

IMPACS’ FUNCTIONS The Agency is specifically designed to administer a collective response to the IMPACS’ FUNCTIONS The Agency is specifically designed to administer a collective response to the Crime and Security priorities of Member States. The Agency is headed by an Executive Director who reports to the CARICOM Council of Ministers for National Security and Law Enforcement. The Council is responsible for the policy and overall direction of the activities and programme of IMPACS. Some of IMPACS core functions include – • Implementation of actions agreed by the Council relating to crime and security; • Development and implementation of projects in furtherance of the Agency’s objectives; • Advising the Council on appropriate regional responses to Crime and Security arrangements on the basis of research and analysis;

 • IMPACS’ FUNCTIONS Cont’d information in Providing a clearing house for relevant matters • IMPACS’ FUNCTIONS Cont’d information in Providing a clearing house for relevant matters relating to crime and security; • Mobilizing resources in support of the regional Crime & Security agenda and negotiation of technical assistance; • Collaboration and co-ordination with national and international crime prevention and control agencies to determine trends, methodologies and strategies for crime prevention and enhancing security for the Community; • Developing, in collaboration with the CARICOM Secretariat, roles, functions and Rules of Procedure for such Committees as may be established in furtherance of the regional Crime and Security agenda.

Implementing Agency for Crime & Security (IMPACS) IMPACS has responsibility for the co-ordination of Implementing Agency for Crime & Security (IMPACS) IMPACS has responsibility for the co-ordination of meetings of five Standing Committees: • The Standing Committee of Commissioners of Police; • The Standing Committee of Military Heads; • The Standing Committee of Chiefs of Immigration; • The Standing Committee of Chiefs of Custom; and • The Standing Committee of Heads of Intelligence and Financial Investigative Units

IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS • Regional Border Security Training in Collaboration with the Caribbean Center for IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS • Regional Border Security Training in Collaboration with the Caribbean Center for Development Administration (CARICAD) – Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Implementation Agency for Crime and Security (IMPACS) and CARICAD was signed on July 31, 2008, to facilitate the harmonization and standardization of policies, practices and procedures utilized by Border Security Agencies (Immigration and Customs) across the Region. – This partnership provides for the facilitation of relevant training and education programmes, for border security officials within the participating Member States, to ensure the overall advancement of the goals and objectives of the security agenda of the region and to improve the levels of service delivery by regional border security personnel in performing their duties.

TRAINING • First regional training programme for twenty two immigration officials was conducted at TRAINING • First regional training programme for twenty two immigration officials was conducted at the Caribbean Regional Drug Law Enforcement Training Centre (REDTRAC), Jamaica from August 24 t to September, 2010. • Second batch of twenty five officials received similar training at the Special Anti Crime Unit of Trinidad and Tobago from April 12 -23, 2010 – Programme covered the Advance Passenger Information System, Identity Fraud, CARIPASS, and Service Delivery. • Regional training for Customs Officers to be conducted later. • National in - country training for immigration officials took place in Guyana & Grenada in July, 2010.

Emerging Issues • Determining if, when and what level of external inputs are required Emerging Issues • Determining if, when and what level of external inputs are required • Determining the roles and responsibilities of external response units (Command, Control, Coordination, etc. • Connection between plans and operations? ? • Unrealistic expectations from both external units and impacted states • Revisiting existing regional and international protocols • Timely access to emergency response resources (Proximity to the impacted areas)

For more details on CARICOM Implementation Agency for Crime and Security (IMPACS) at: www. For more details on CARICOM Implementation Agency for Crime and Security (IMPACS) at: www. caricomimpacs. org

THE END ANY QUESTIONS? ? ? THANK YOU THE END ANY QUESTIONS? ? ? THANK YOU