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CATHY COME HOUSING HOMELESS PEOPLE IN BRITAIN CATHY COME HOUSING HOMELESS PEOPLE IN BRITAIN

CATHY - a major cultural contribution . In a 2000 BFI poll of industry CATHY - a major cultural contribution . In a 2000 BFI poll of industry professionals for the BFI TV 100 of the 20 th century, Cathy was voted the highest-placed drama on the list, coming second behind the comedy Fawlty Towers In 2005 it was named by BROADCAST as the UK's most influential TV programme of all time.

BEFORE CATHY HOMELESSNESS STRUGGLED TO MAKE AN IMPACT & ATTRACT ATTENTION – SANDFORD 1960 BEFORE CATHY HOMELESSNESS STRUGGLED TO MAKE AN IMPACT & ATTRACT ATTENTION – SANDFORD 1960 – HOMELESS FAMILIES RADIO PROGRAMME HOMELESSNESS PERCEIVED AS THE PROBLEM OF THOSE ON THE STREET MODERN DAY TRAMPS

DWELLERS IN SEEDY HOSTELS DWELLERS IN SEEDY HOSTELS

THE IMPACT OF CATHY HOMELESSNESS IS TRANSFORMED INTO A FAMILY ISSUE BY THIS POWERFUL THE IMPACT OF CATHY HOMELESSNESS IS TRANSFORMED INTO A FAMILY ISSUE BY THIS POWERFUL PRESENTATION PROTECTING CHILDREN WITHIN THE FAMILY NOT IN CARE

THE PROGRAMME HAD A TRIPLE IMPACT & LEGACY POLITICALLY LEGALLY CULTURALLY THE PROGRAMME HAD A TRIPLE IMPACT & LEGACY POLITICALLY LEGALLY CULTURALLY

POLITICAL & LEGAL CONTEXT National Assistance Act 1948 Part III accommodation Obligations with Social POLITICAL & LEGAL CONTEXT National Assistance Act 1948 Part III accommodation Obligations with Social Work/Social Services SW/SS housing stock limited to Part III accommodation Cathy Come Home – 1966 – shows this for what it was. Voluntary transfer of responsibility - DOE Circular 1974 progress slow – 40% only by 1976 Morris Committee - a joint approach to housing and social work (1975) - transfer of duties for homelessness from social work to housing – not in Queen’s Speech 1976

IMMEDIATE CHANGES OF LOCAL PRACTICE BIRMINGHAM The husbands were allowed to return back to IMMEDIATE CHANGES OF LOCAL PRACTICE BIRMINGHAM The husbands were allowed to return back to their families in a great gushing stream. It was intensely moving. I was lucky enough to be present on this jubilant occasion, and that moment, if no other, justified in my opinion not only my writing of Cathy but also my own existence – Jeremy Sandford (1976)

Housing (Homeless Persons) Act 1977 PRIVATE MEMBER’S BILL – LIBERAL M. P. FOR ISLE Housing (Homeless Persons) Act 1977 PRIVATE MEMBER’S BILL – LIBERAL M. P. FOR ISLE OF WIGHT – STEPHEN ROSS “ADOPTED” BY GOVERNMENT MINORITY ADMINISTRATION CRUCIAL AMENDMENTS INTRODUCED ON LOCAL CONNECTION & INTENTIONALITY THE HOMELESS PERSONS’ OBSTACLE RACE

LOCAL RESISTANCE THIS ACT IS A NONSENSE, CONCEIVED BY FOOLS AND IMPLEMENTED BY IDIOTS LOCAL RESISTANCE THIS ACT IS A NONSENSE, CONCEIVED BY FOOLS AND IMPLEMENTED BY IDIOTS FOR THE BENEFIT OF SCROUNGERS HILLINGDON LBC COUNCILLOR 1980; MP 83 - 97 WE HAVE TRIED TO SABOTAGE THIS ACT SINCE IT CAME INTO BEING MIDLOTHIAN COUNCILLOR 1978 WESTMINSTER CITY COUNCIL APPROACH HIGHLY RESTRICTIVE AS SHOWN IN TWO SEPARATE DOCUMENTARIES FROM THE 1980 s + HALLIDAY

BRING ON THE LAWYERS Is the person homeless or threatened with homelessness? Does Is BRING ON THE LAWYERS Is the person homeless or threatened with homelessness? Does Is the person have a priority need? the person homeless intentionally? Does the person have a local connection?

INTENTIONALITY IF HE DELIBERATELY DOES OR FAILS TO DO SOMETHING IN CONSEQUENCE OF WHICH INTENTIONALITY IF HE DELIBERATELY DOES OR FAILS TO DO SOMETHING IN CONSEQUENCE OF WHICH HE CEASES TO OCCUPY ACCOMMODATION WHICH IS AVAILABLE FOR HIS OCCUPATION AND WHICH IT WOULD HAVE BEEN REASONABLE FOR HIM TO CONTINUE TO OCCUPY 85 PAGES ON HOW THE COURTS INTERPRETED THESE 36 WORDS BY 1996

THE NATURE OF TELEVISION PROGRAMMES POVERTY PORN THE SCHEME (2010 & 2011) – Kilmarnock THE NATURE OF TELEVISION PROGRAMMES POVERTY PORN THE SCHEME (2010 & 2011) – Kilmarnock BENEFITS STREET (2014) – Birmingham – White Dee BRITAIN’S BENEFIT TENANTS (2015) – the problems of the social rented sector and the role of private letting agencies PROPERTY PORN HOMES UNDER THE HAMMER (2003 - ) ESCAPE TO THE COUNTRY (2002 - ) LOCATION, LOCATION (2000 - )

DOCUDRAMAS & DOCUMENTARIES ON HOUSING WORLD IN ACTION : THE VIOLENT WORLD OF NICHOLAS DOCUDRAMAS & DOCUMENTARIES ON HOUSING WORLD IN ACTION : THE VIOLENT WORLD OF NICHOLAS VAN HOOGSTRATEN (1988) – available on You. Tube BRITAIN’S BAD HOUSING (2007) – how private builders are not to be trusted THE GREAT ESTATE: THE RISE AND FALL OF THE COUNCIL HOUSE (2012) – title says it all THE ESTATE WE’RE IN (2016) – regenerating a “grotty” estate in Wales and RTB homeowners NIGHTMARE TENANTS, SLUM LANDLORDS (2016) – TV for a paranoid Daily Mail reader

The legacy on the ground HOMELESSNESS CRISIS CONTINUES INCLUDING STREET HOMELESSNESS SHELTER NON & The legacy on the ground HOMELESSNESS CRISIS CONTINUES INCLUDING STREET HOMELESSNESS SHELTER NON & CRISIS EXPANDING - RECOGNITION BY A NEW GENERATION – 95% OF MY HOUSING LAW STUDENTS HAD NOT HEARD OF CATHY COME HOME – OCT 2016

HOMELESS DECISIONS & REJECTION REASONS (England 2015 – 2016 ) HOMELESS DECISIONS & REJECTION REASONS (England 2015 – 2016 )

HOMELESSNESS TODAY – TEMPORARY ACCOMMODATION ( England 2015 – 2016 ) HOMELESSNESS TODAY – TEMPORARY ACCOMMODATION ( England 2015 – 2016 )

think Cathy’s a film about a social situation; it’s not a political film because think Cathy’s a film about a social situation; it’s not a political film because it doesn’t deal with structure at all – the structure of what makes people homeless. It accepts the fact of homelessness without analysis, and it’s the story of a family caught in that grip and how it’s shattered by it. But it doesn’t try to explain the cause, and therefore it doesn’t deal with the politics I

I, DANIEL BLAKE ( Loach ‘n Laverty ) I, DANIEL BLAKE ( Loach ‘n Laverty )