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Campus Speakers Monday n n 7: 00 p. m. "Ghost riders in the sky: understanding insect dispersal by flight (and why we care), " Thomas Sappington, USDA-ARS, Campanile Room, MU 8: 00 p. m. "Fear and Fantasy in Post-9/11 America, " Susan Faludi, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, Sun Room, MU
Campus Speakers Tuesday n n n 4: 00 p. m. Iowa Caucus Workshop, Tuesday, November 13, Sun Room, MU n Gordon Fischer, former state chair of the Iowa Democratic Party n Mary Ann Spicer, president of the Polk County Republican Women 4: 00 p. m. "'Never Again' Must Mean "Never', " Ellen Kennedy, Genocide Intervention Network, MN, Campanile Room, MU 6: 30 p. m. "The Globalization of Higher Education, " James Duderstadt, President Emeritus of the University of Michigan Alliant Energy-Lee Liu Auditorium, Howe Hall
Campus Speakers Wednesday n n 6: 00 p. m. Oded Shenkar, the Ford Motor Company Chair and Professor of Management, Ohio State University, Alliant Energy-Lee Liu Auditorium, Howe Hall 7: 00 p. m. "How Did Petroleum Source Rocks Accumulate? Insights from Deep-Sea Sediments, " Phillip A. Meyers, professor of geological sciences at the University of Michigan, Gallery, MU 8: 00 p. m. LAS Dean's Lecture, "The Physics of Baseball, " Eli Rosenberg, Professor of Physics Sun Room, MU 8: 00 p. m. "The Best of What We Are: John Brentlinger and the Painters of Solentiname, Nicaragua, " Gary Tartakov, ISU curriculum and instruction, Pioneer Room, MU
What is the nature and function of speeches to inspire or to entertain? What is my next assignment?
Sample Speech Ronald Reagan, “Challenger Speech” January 28, 1986. (W p. 83) Jot down the values you hear praised n. What was special about the people being honored? n. How does their example teach or encourage us?
Special Occasion Speeches The ancient Greeks called this epideictic oratory.
Special Occasion Speeches aim to inspire or to entertain through n n n BUILDING COMMUNITY USING IDENTIFICATION USING MAGNIFICATION
When we aim to inspire, we celebrate what we hold in common in our community. n n We reaffirm the values We recommit ourselves to live according to those values
National Day of Remembrance September 14, 2001 (W pp. 85 -86) n Identification n n “They are the names of men and women who began their day at a desk or in an airport busy with life. ” Values discourse n n n We respond to tragedy with grief, prayer and resolve “Our fellow Americans are generous and kind, resourceful and brave. ” “We have seen our national character in eloquent acts of sacrifice. ”
Oprah Winfrey honors Rosa Parks Oct. 31, 2005 n n Magnification to Identification “I grew up in the South, and Rosa Parks was a hero to me long before I recognized and understood the power and impact that her life embodied. I remember my father telling me about this colored woman who had refused to give up her seat. And in my child's mind, I thought, "She must be really big. " I thought she must be at least a hundred feet tall. I imagined her being stalwart and strong and carrying a shield to hold back the white folks. And then I grew up and had the esteemed honor of meeting her. And wasn't that a surprise. Here was this petite, almost delicate lady who was the personification of grace and goodness. ”
Expressing Specific Purposes and Central Ideas n n SP: To inspire my audience through celebrating the example of Rosa Parks. CI: Rosa Parks inspired us all to act more responsibly in the world as we imitate the spirit of courage and conviction embodied in her example.
A Speech about U. S. Veterans SP To commemorate America’s veterans with my audience. CI America’s veterans have demonstrated remarkable courage, sacrifice, and determination all around the world.
n A speech about a parent n n n SP: To inspire my audience to live life to the full like my mom. CI: My mother taught me to find my own path in life through hard work, endurance and optimism. A speech about personal challenges n n SP To inspire my audience by demonstrating how taking on challenges helps us grow. CI My friend Mike, my brother and my mom have each shown me how taking risks and overcoming challenges gives a person the chance to accomplish more than they ever thought they could.
When we aim to entertain, we laugh together and so bond our community. n n we can laugh at ourselves we can entertain through observations about human nature
n A speech about drivers n n SP To entertain my audience comparing drivers in the East Coast and Midwest drivers. CI Since being transplanted to the Midwest I have seen that good and bad driving habits have more to do with what kinds of driving conditions and stresses people deal with than with regional differences.
n A speech about school memories n n SP To entertain my audience by talking about our favorite elementary school memories. CI Elementary school was a magical time filled with show and tell, marvelous lunches and recess.
n A speech about my term abroad n n SP: To entertain my audience with tales from my semester in Spain. CI: My study abroad experience was full of amazing and bizarre events, but I learned more about myself and how to deal with differences than I ever expected to.
n A speech about my family n n SP: To entertain my audience with stories of my family’s summer reunions. CI: The characters in my family sometimes do outlandish things, but I wouldn’t trade my time with them for anything.
To accomplish these goals we use strategies such as: n n n creative language creative examples mood-creating delivery
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE SPECIAL OCCASION SPEECH (See pp. 78 -82 in the workbook for further details. )
Requirements: n n n TIME LIMIT: 4. 5 minutes GENERAL PURPOSE: To Inspire or To Entertain TOPIC n n Due this Wednesday by 11 p. m. MANUSCRIPT: n n 2 copies due on the workshop day (11/30) 2 copies of the final version the day you deliver the speech. Manuscripts must include the specific purpose and central idea Manuscripts must include 5 stylistic devices you must label and highlight them.
Requirements n DELIVERY: n n n Use a delivery manuscript or a speaking outline (see workbook p. 94 for advice on manuscript delivery) Continue to aim for a conversational style ORGANIZATION n n Usually topical (maybe chronological) Introduction, Body, Conclusion
FOCUS OF ASSESSMENT: n n n creative use of language creative ideas sense of structure good delivery connection with/impact on audience n n accomplishing the goal of the speech whether it be to inspire or to entertain originality of thought and expression
MAJOR DANGERS OF THE ASSIGNMENT (aka how to earn a C or less): n n sounding informative, e. g. doing a straight biography inappropriate or ineffective humor reading the speech to the audience plagiarism
Veteran's Day Examples
“My Crazy Aunt Sue” To inspire my audience by showing how my aunt lives life fully in the face of a painful disability.
How does the speech fit the assignment? n n Striking attention getter (using parallel structure and repetition) Vivid descriptions Focus on values: strength, lack of complaint in adversity, humor, energy, determination, joyful. Elevated language use n n n Repetition/Parallelism: “the strongest person I know” ; “It hurts to”; “I complain about” Alliteration: “whereas most would wallow in their misery” Metaphor: “demon of a disease”
Denotation vs. Connotation n Denotation is the dictionary definition. Connotation is the cultural meaning-what the terms suggests or implies. "House" vs. "Home"
One feature of vivid language is imagery. concrete words n simile n metaphor n
Imagery n Concrete words and Metaphor (W p. 83) n n Metaphor [and quotation] n n n Reagan “We will never forget them or the last time we saw them, this morning, as they prepared for their journey and waved good-bye and ‘slipped the surly bonds of earth to touch the face of God. ’” Bush “Today we feel what Franklin Roosevelt called ‘the warm courage of national unity. ’” (W p. 86) King “Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksand of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. ” (T A-8) Simile n n Hibinger “Just walk into any home and there it is, sitting like an idol. We elevate it on top of special furniture; seats are arranged…. Members of households gather to worship. ” (W p. 87) Miller She “turned to me with spoon in hand, pointed like a loaded gun, and said, ‘Lick it off. ’” (W p. 90)
A second feature of vivid language is rhythm. n n Alliteration Antithesis Repetition Parallelism
Rhythm n Alliteration n Repetition of the initial sound in close or adjoining words Miller “artificial, aromatic, Avon perfume”; “After 20 min. of these dramatic displays an overwhelming feeling of guilt would hit and we would all pile in the car to the dreaded destination doom. ” (W p. 89) Antithesis n n Juxtaposing contrasting ideas, usually in parallel structure Kennedy “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. ” Kennedy “Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate. ” Bush “This conflict was begun on the timing and terms of others. It will end in a way, and at an hour, of our choosing. ” (W p. 85)
Rhythm n Repetition n n Repeating the same key word or set of words at the beginning or end of successive clauses, sentences, or paragraphs. Bush “They are the names of…” (four times, W p. 85) King “I have a dream”; “One hundred years later”; “go back to”; “We will not be satisfied. ” (T A-8) Lacina “He didn’t just speak of…. ” [compassion, tolerance, and courage] (W p 84) Parallelism n n A repetition of structure that may or may not use the same words. Reagan “There will be more shuttle flights and more shuttle crews, and, yes, more volunteers, more civilians, more teachers in space. ” (W p. 83) Bush “Americans are generous and kind, resourceful and brave. ” (W p. 86) Lacina “lived and worked and loved and died” (W p. 84)
Parallelism (Barack Obama June 4, 2005 Commencement Speech) “As people around the world began to hear the tale of the lowly colonists who overthrew an empire for the sake of an idea, they started to come…to try and build their own American Dream. This collective dream moved forward imperfectly—it was scarred by our treatment of native peoples, betrayed by slavery, clouded by the subjugation of women, shaken by war and depression. And yet, brick by brick, rail by rail, calloused hand by calloused hand, people kept dreaming, and building, and working, and marching, and petitioning their government, until they made America a land where the question of our place in history is not answered for us. It’s answered by us. ”
Dan Mc. Carney’s resignation speech n n http: //www. cyclones. com/View. Article. dbml? DB_OE M_ID=10700&ATCLID=682268 To my players, past and present, thanks for putting such meaning behind the words Cyclone Football Family. You’ve been classy and humble and heroic in victories and you’ve been classy and unselfish and mature in the losses we’ve had. I’ve tried to teach you to reach higher, to impact your mind, your hearts and your lives, and you’ve done a lot more of that for me than I have for you. You will never know what an honor it’s been for me to be your head coach as we’ve tried to bring honor and prestige and respect to Cyclone football through the years.