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Businesses Building a Zero Waste Economy February 7, 2012, Austin, TX By Gary Liss Businesses Building a Zero Waste Economy February 7, 2012, Austin, TX By Gary Liss & Associates 916 -652 -7850 [email protected] com; www. garyliss. com Rick Anthony, [email protected] com, 858272 -2905 Ruth Abbe, HDR, ruth. [email protected] com, 415 -546 -4325

Zero Waste Businesses are Leading the Way (>90% diversion) Ø Ø Ø Anheuser-Busch, Fairfield, Zero Waste Businesses are Leading the Way (>90% diversion) Ø Ø Ø Anheuser-Busch, Fairfield, CA Apple Computer, Elk Grove, CA Atlanta Zero Waste Zone Epson, OR Fetzer Vineyards Frankie’s Bohemian Café, SF Greens Restaurant, SF Hewlett-Packard, Roseville, CA Honda Mad River Brewery New Belgium Brewery Ø Ø Ø Pillsbury Playa Vista, LA, CA Ricoh Electronics San Diego Wild Animal Park Scoma’s Restaurant, SF Subaru Toyota Vandenberg Air Base Vons-Safeway Xerox Corp 2800 Businesses in Japan See www. earthresource. org

Why would a business DO this? Ø Saves Money Ø Reduces GHG and emissions Why would a business DO this? Ø Saves Money Ø Reduces GHG and emissions Ø Reduces Liability Ø More Efficient Ø Marketing Edge Ø Right Thing To Do Source: Gil Friend, Natural Logic

Zero Waste Business Principles Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Commitment to the triple bottom Zero Waste Business Principles Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Commitment to the triple bottom line Use Precautionary Principle Zero Waste to landfill or incineration Responsibility: Takeback Products and Packaging Buy reused, recycled & composted Prevent pollution and reduce waste Highest and best use Use economic incentives for customers, workers and suppliers Products or services sold are not wasteful or toxic Use non-toxic production, reuse and recycling processes Source: ZW International Alliance, www. zwia. org

Ricoh Zero-Waste-to-Landfill Achieved Feb. 2001 Tons 100% Resource Recovery Ricoh Zero-Waste-to-Landfill Achieved Feb. 2001 Tons 100% Resource Recovery

ZW Partnership With Suppliers Ricoh Green Procurement REFUSE REDUCE RETURN REUSE RECYCLE ZW Partnership With Suppliers Ricoh Green Procurement REFUSE REDUCE RETURN REUSE RECYCLE

Toyota Ø 10 “Zero Waste” Plants (95% reduction of waste to landfill from 1999) Toyota Ø 10 “Zero Waste” Plants (95% reduction of waste to landfill from 1999) Ø 1 HQ and 3 Distribution Centers are “Zero Waste to Landfill” Ø 8 Distribution Centers > 90% Recycling Rate

Toyota Ø $1. 3 million in net savings on waste management Ø Returnable shipping Toyota Ø $1. 3 million in net savings on waste management Ø Returnable shipping modules saved $5. 3 M in costs and 3. 4 M pounds of cardboard, 9. 8 M pounds of wood Ø Integrated Waste Management into ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems

Vons Safeway Less Fortunate Fruits & Vegetables… …are shrink wrapped and backhauled to Central Vons Safeway Less Fortunate Fruits & Vegetables… …are shrink wrapped and backhauled to Central Distribution

Hewlett-Packard Roseville, CA Ø 9, 000 Employees Ø 94% Waste Diversion Ø Avoided Disposal Hewlett-Packard Roseville, CA Ø 9, 000 Employees Ø 94% Waste Diversion Ø Avoided Disposal Costs: $870, 564 Ø Recycle Cardboard, Metal, Foam, Peanuts, LDPE, Instapak, PRS Ø Reuse and Recycle Pallets

Mad River Brewing Company Blue Lake, CA Ø 34 Employees, 15, 000 sq. ft. Mad River Brewing Company Blue Lake, CA Ø 34 Employees, 15, 000 sq. ft. Ø 98% Waste Diversion Ø Less than two 90 gal. Trash Cans/Week Ø Total Savings/Year: $35, 654 Ø Recycle Scrap, Metals, Glass, Office Paper, Plastics, Pallets, and C&D Ø Spent Grain & Hops = Animal Feed & Composted

ZERI Brewery Project Namibia (southern Africa) Good Beer, No Chemicals, No Pollution, More Sales ZERI Brewery Project Namibia (southern Africa) Good Beer, No Chemicals, No Pollution, More Sales and More Jobs Ø Produces 7 x more Food, Fuel & Fertilizer, 4 x as many jobs & 12 more Products, Compared to Conventional Beer Producer Ø Fully Integrated Bio. System - 40 Different Bio. Chemical Processes Reuse Everything (heat, H 20, wastes, CO 2) Ø • Grow Mushrooms on Spent Grain • Chickens Eat Worms in Grain • Digest Mushroom, Chicken Feed & Chicken Wastes to Generate Methane Gas for Steam for Fermentation • Alkaline Water to Fish Ponds (8 Different Types of Fish + Algae Sold)

ZERI – Natural Kingdoms Ø 5 Kingdoms of Nature are highly productive and adaptive ZERI – Natural Kingdoms Ø 5 Kingdoms of Nature are highly productive and adaptive system ¨ Bacteria ¨ Algae ¨ Fungi ¨ Plants ¨ Animals

ZERI Design Principles Ø Waste is a nutrient or food for another species belonging ZERI Design Principles Ø Waste is a nutrient or food for another species belonging to another kingdom Ø Toxin for one organism is a nutrient or neutral for one in another kingdom Ø In highly complex ecosystems, viruses inactive/disappear without harm if pass through at least 2 other kingdoms

ZERI Design Principles Ø More local/diverse a system, the more productive and more resilient ZERI Design Principles Ø More local/diverse a system, the more productive and more resilient Ø When species of 5 different kingdoms interact in autopoetic system, can integrate and separate all matter at ambient temperature and pressure

ZERI Product Cascading Out: In Clean- Fish Algae Irriga- Mush- Earth- Total ing Farm ZERI Product Cascading Out: In Clean- Fish Algae Irriga- Mush- Earth- Total ing Farm tion rooms worms Water 100: 10 100: 72 100: 10 100: 8 100: 0 100: 100 Fibers 100: 0 100: 6 100: 0 100: 40 100: 54 100: 100 Mushroom Compost 100: 50 Chickens Manure Source: Pauli, Gunter, Upsizing, ”Output-Input Table, ” 1998, p. 117, www. zeri. org

Commodities Analysis Ø Facility Walk-through ¨ Systems information: Ø Overview of operations ¨ facility Commodities Analysis Ø Facility Walk-through ¨ Systems information: Ø Overview of operations ¨ facility layout ¨ Staff roles and concerns ¨ materials flow Ø Types of waste materials generated Ø Generation points

9 Generating Sources in any Business 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9 Generating Sources in any Business 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Warehousing & Distribution Offices Food Services Grounds Construction Manufacturing Vehicular Maintenance Retail Housing & Hospitality

Commodities Analysis Ø Sort by functional areas • Information about discards at generation point Commodities Analysis Ø Sort by functional areas • Information about discards at generation point • Types and quantities of materials produced by specific operations

Commodities Analysis Ø Sort of entire facility • Info from end of materials flow Commodities Analysis Ø Sort of entire facility • Info from end of materials flow • Quantities of each type of material produced in the entire facility •

Commodities Analysis Ø Purchasing Records • Information from beginning of materials flow • Cost Commodities Analysis Ø Purchasing Records • Information from beginning of materials flow • Cost info for determining benefits of waste reduction • Precise quantities for waste materials which are purchased and then discarded within the facility

Purchasing for Zero Waste Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Precautionary Principle Return to Vendor Purchasing for Zero Waste Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Precautionary Principle Return to Vendor Lease, Rent and Share Equipment Reduce Packaging Reusable Shipping Containers Buy Recyclable, Recycled and Compostable Items Buy Remanufactured Equipment Purchase Durables Buy Less Toxic Products Source: Alicia Culver, Green Purchasing Institute

Commodities Analysis Ø Production Records • Quantities of materials production data • Insights into Commodities Analysis Ø Production Records • Quantities of materials production data • Insights into materials flow • Numbers can be adjusted for facilities with varying levels of operation

Commodities Analysis Ø Hauler Records • Information from end of materials flow • Total Commodities Analysis Ø Hauler Records • Information from end of materials flow • Total volumes and/or weights of waste hauled • Volumes and/or weights of recyclables hauled • Waste collection, disposal and recycling costs

Stewardship Practices Ø Reduce packaging Ø Provide take back options Ø Work with downstream Stewardship Practices Ø Reduce packaging Ø Provide take back options Ø Work with downstream buyers and users to improve your product Ø Improve durability

Extended Producer Responsibility Businesses takeback products and packaging at no cost to the public Extended Producer Responsibility Businesses takeback products and packaging at no cost to the public Ø Properly reuse, recycle or compost - don’t export harm Ø Redesign products to be less toxic & easier to reuse & recycle Ø Use small, local businesses and nonprofits, not just multinational companies Ø

“Rs” for Refuse/Reduce Chemical came in many small cans… …now in drums = Reduction “Rs” for Refuse/Reduce Chemical came in many small cans… …now in drums = Reduction of: Ø Labor time for switching cans and cleaning leftover chemicals Ø Water usage Ø Packaging material cost 6 individual cases were put into a master carton… …no more master carton = Reduction of: Ø Packaging cost Ø Packaging time Ø Freight cost REFUSE/ REDUCE Reduce Unnecessary Packaging Material The 5 R Concept Applied to Packaging Optimization

Reuse/Return Reuse/Return

Recycle: Last Thing to Do RECYCLE Before Optimized Packaging Style & Recycle waste Results Recycle: Last Thing to Do RECYCLE Before Optimized Packaging Style & Recycle waste Results After 1. 2. Styrofoam glued to the corrugated liner No glue used, but snaps on type No glue to buy and store No drying time 1. Much easier to separate Styrofoam from liner to recycle 2. No more use of a knife to cut the glued joint

Employee Training Effort Ø Ø Ø Total participation Build culture from top down and Employee Training Effort Ø Ø Ø Total participation Build culture from top down and bottom up Wasting no longer tolerated 100% compliance Emphasis on reward, though

Promotion Everywhere Ø Every employee must participate Ø Everyone informed and educated Ø Everyone Promotion Everywhere Ø Every employee must participate Ø Everyone informed and educated Ø Everyone does their part Ø No one left behind

Corporate Culture Ø Creativity Ø Innovation Ø Sharing Ø Fun Ø Every little bit Corporate Culture Ø Creativity Ø Innovation Ø Sharing Ø Fun Ø Every little bit helps Ø Desiccant contest 1 st Place Winners

Plus-Plus Program Ø + = impressive improvement Ø ++ = opportunities for improvement Ø Plus-Plus Program Ø + = impressive improvement Ø ++ = opportunities for improvement Ø Fun & education = efficiency Ø No waste cans

Plus-Plus Program Education practiced internally and externally Ø Ricoh requires vendors to have zero Plus-Plus Program Education practiced internally and externally Ø Ricoh requires vendors to have zero waste Ø Ricoh works with communities world wide to achieve its goal of sustainability Ø “The best thing is not what we planted in the ground, but what we planted in the children’s minds. ” – Ricoh’s President

Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Contractor Compensation ¨ Unit price based Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Contractor Compensation ¨ Unit price based on waste volume or number of pick-ups. Ø RM Contracts ¨ Capped fee for waste hauling/disposal service. Performance bonuses (or liquidated damages) based on value of resource efficiency savings.

Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Incentive Structure § Contractor has a Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Incentive Structure § Contractor has a profit incentive to maximize waste service and volume. Ø RM Contracts § Contractor seeks profitable resource efficiency innovation.

Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Waste Generator. Contractor Relationship § Minimal Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Waste Generator. Contractor Relationship § Minimal generator-contractor interface. Ø RM Contracts § Waste generator and contractor work together to derive value from resource efficiency.

Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Scope of Service § Container rental Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Scope of Service § Container rental and maintenance, hauling, and disposal or processing. Contractor responsibilities begin at the Dumpster and end at landfill or processing site.

Resource Management Ø RM Contracts Scope of Service § Services addressed in hauling and Resource Management Ø RM Contracts Scope of Service § Services addressed in hauling and disposal contracts plus services that influence waste generation (i. e. , product/process design, material purchase, internal storage, material use, material handling, reporting).

Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Contractor Compensation § Unit price based Resource Management Ø Traditional Hauling & Disposal Contracts Contractor Compensation § Unit price based on waste volume or number of pick-ups. Ø RM Contracts § Capped fee for waste hauling/disposal service. Performance bonuses (or liquidated damages) based on value of resource efficiency savings.

RM Compensation Goals ØMutually Beneficial Business Relationship ØDrive Inefficiency and Cost Out of System RM Compensation Goals ØMutually Beneficial Business Relationship ØDrive Inefficiency and Cost Out of System ØCost-effective Resource Efficiency ØShare Savings Between Business and RM Contractor ØContinuous Improvement in Resource Efficiency

RM Compensation Options ØPass-Through of Service Costs with “Shared Savings” and Performance Bonus §RM RM Compensation Options ØPass-Through of Service Costs with “Shared Savings” and Performance Bonus §RM contractor provides all required services (e. g. , tip fees, hauling fees, container rental) on a “cost pass-through” basis based on the bids received to take over existing services (Base Financial Proposal). §When contractor implements changes to permanently decrease costs, contractor shares in some of those savings.

RM Compensation Options ØExamples of savings opportunities include § Diverting more materials § More RM Compensation Options ØExamples of savings opportunities include § Diverting more materials § More efficient handling and hauling § “Right-sizing” containers for cost savings and behavioral change (e. g. , smaller trash bins) § More prominent recycling stations), § Helping to reduce waste

RM Compensation Options Ø Shared Savings Options § Share 50/50 (Business/Contractor) § Business get RM Compensation Options Ø Shared Savings Options § Share 50/50 (Business/Contractor) § Business get 100 percent of savings up to predetermined level (e. g. , 5%). Then split savings above that in ratio that benefits the contractor (e. g. 30/70) § Performance Bonus - increase % to contractor when business meets performance target(s)

RM Compensation Options to Tie Diversion Improvement to Contractor Performance Bonus: Diversion Rate Business/Contractor RM Compensation Options to Tie Diversion Improvement to Contractor Performance Bonus: Diversion Rate Business/Contractor Current X%/Y% Current + 15% X-10%/Y+10% Current + 20% X-20%/Y+20% Current + 25% X-30%/Y+30%

Developing Business Zero Waste Plans Ø Ø Ø Ø Re-convene management and employee planning Developing Business Zero Waste Plans Ø Ø Ø Ø Re-convene management and employee planning team Designate representation from all business activities Set time frame to develop plan Obtain needed expertise Examine Current System ¨ Process study, redesign, and product review ¨ ID discards by production/generation area ¨ Identify barriers to zero waste & solve them ¨ Examine purchasing and vendor contracts ¨ Assess costs and benefits Brainstorm, prepare, review, and finalize plan Adopt plan and modify as needed

Zero Waste Plan Scope ØReview Data, Policies and Programs ØParticipation Strategy ØService Opportunities Analysis Zero Waste Plan Scope ØReview Data, Policies and Programs ØParticipation Strategy ØService Opportunities Analysis ØMenu of Policies, Programs and Facilities ØEconomics And Funding ØDraft Zero Waste Plan

Implementing Plans Establish technical committee Ø Schedule regular and frequent meetings Ø Obtain needed Implementing Plans Establish technical committee Ø Schedule regular and frequent meetings Ø Obtain needed resources Ø Establish work plan/execute tasks Ø Conduct education Ø Audit your wasting continually Ø Conduct +/++ programming Ø Continually re-evaluate work plan Ø

Implementing Plans Ø Ø Ø Ø Design wasting out of processes Waste sorting bins Implementing Plans Ø Ø Ø Ø Design wasting out of processes Waste sorting bins on the Durability production floor Reusability Recyclability Compostability Incentives Refuse and return programs Leasing and product stewardship for your products

Monitoring & Evaluation Let everybody know how they are doing Ø Media ¨ Staff Monitoring & Evaluation Let everybody know how they are doing Ø Media ¨ Staff meetings ¨ Special Trainings/Retreats ¨ Newsletters ¨ E-mails ¨ Annual reports Ø Successes and benefits Ø Exemplary performances Ø New ideas Ø Retain Savings in Budget Ø

ID & Develop More Zero Waste Businesses Ø Ask Local Governments & Businesses To ID & Develop More Zero Waste Businesses Ø Ask Local Governments & Businesses To Adopt Zero Waste Goals and Plan for them Ø Work With Reuse, Recycling, Composting Industry, Manufacturers And Retailers to ID ZW Businesses locally and Develop More Ø Tell GRRN about Businesses that Divert More than 90% of their Waste

ZW Business Next Steps Ø Train & Certify Consultants Ø Ask Businesses to Adopt ZW Business Next Steps Ø Train & Certify Consultants Ø Ask Businesses to Adopt ZW Goal Ø Ask Businesses to use Certified Consultants to develop ZW Plans Ø Ask Socially Responsible Investors to evaluate ZW performance of companies in their portfolios Ø Ask Groups working on Sustainability to use ZW Business Principles

ZWIA ZW Business Recognition Ø Ø To recognize businesses that have a Zero Waste ZWIA ZW Business Recognition Ø Ø To recognize businesses that have a Zero Waste goal and have reduced their waste to landfill, incineration or the environment by 90% or more for a facility, a geographic area, or corporate-wide Four Levels ¨ ¨ Achieved 90% Diversion from landfills and incinerators No Burn & Diverted 90% from landfills; and all remaining discarded materials (residues after reuse, recycling, composting or recovery) pre-processed before doublelined landfill that meets EU standards or equivalent No Burn and No Bury of 100% of all discarded materials

ZWIA ZW Business Recognition Ø Ø Until all materials are diverted, use of upgraded ZWIA ZW Business Recognition Ø Ø Until all materials are diverted, use of upgraded landfills that meet European Union Landfill Directive or equivalent is preferable to any form of incineration National Affiliates ¨ ¨ ¨ NGOs with national focus that have officially adopted ZWIA ZW Definition and Principles Organizations authorized to recognize businesses in their country that meet ZWIA Definition of Zero Waste and ZWIA Zero Waste Business Principles GRRN in U. S. initially

US Zero Waste Business Council Ø Ø Incorporated December 2011 Mission: to educate, inform US Zero Waste Business Council Ø Ø Incorporated December 2011 Mission: to educate, inform and document the performance of zero waste businesses using scientific methods to help businesses and communities become more healthy and sustainable. 3 rd Party Certification of meeting ZWIA Zero Waste Principles 1 st National Zero Waste Business Conference June 26 -27, 2012 in So. CA

ZWIA ZW Certification Program Ø ZW Businesses Ø ZW Training Programs Ø ZW Professionals ZWIA ZW Certification Program Ø ZW Businesses Ø ZW Training Programs Ø ZW Professionals Ø ZW Communities Ø ZW Facilities Ø ZW Events Ø ZW Service Providers

1 st Adopt ZWIA Definition Federal, State and Local agencies Adopt ZWIA Definition of 1 st Adopt ZWIA Definition Federal, State and Local agencies Adopt ZWIA Definition of Zero Waste Ø Business & Community Zero Waste Plans Use ZWIA Definition of Zero Waste Ø Sustainability or Climate Change Plans Include ZWIA Definition of Zero Waste Ø

Zero Waste Resources Ø Austin Adopted ZW Plan: www. ci. austin. tx. us/sws/downloads/Very. Final. Zero Waste Resources Ø Austin Adopted ZW Plan: www. ci. austin. tx. us/sws/downloads/Very. Final. ZWPlan. pdf Ø Austin Adopted Resource Recovery Master Plan: http: //www. austintexas. gov/news/austin-city-council-approves-30 year-plan-reach-zero-waste Ø Oakland Zero Waste Plan: www. zerowasteoakland. com/Asset. Factory. aspx? did=2123 Grass. Roots Recycling Network: www. grrn. org § Zero Waste International Alliance: www. zwia. org § Earth Resource Foundation: www. earthresource. org Ø

If you’re not for Zero Waste, how much waste are you for? If you’re not for Zero Waste, how much waste are you for?