Biometrics refers to the automatic identification of

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Biometrics refers to the automatic identification  of a person based on his orBiometrics refers to the automatic identification of a person based on his or her physiological or behavioral characteristics . DEFINITION OF BIOMETRICS

Biometric characteristics 1) Physiological 2) Behavioral Biometric characteristics 1) Physiological 2) Behavioral

Physical biometrics Fingerprint Facial recognition/face location Hand geometry Iris scan Retina scan Physical biometrics Fingerprint Facial recognition/face location Hand geometry Iris scan Retina scan

Fingerprint recognition A live acquisition of a person’s fingerprint.  Dots (very small ridges),Fingerprint recognition A live acquisition of a person’s fingerprint. Dots (very small ridges), Space between two temporarily divergent ridges), Spurs (a notch protruding from a ridge), Bridges (small ridges joining two longer adjacent ridges), crossovers (two ridges that cross each other).

 Facial Recognition 1. Capture image 2. Find face in image 3. Extract features Facial Recognition 1. Capture image 2. Find face in image 3. Extract features (store template) 4. Compare templates 5. Declare matches

Hand or finger geometry is an automated measurement of many dimensions of the handHand or finger geometry is an automated measurement of many dimensions of the hand fingers. Hand Geometry

Iris recognition Iris scanning measures the iris pattern in the colored part of theIris recognition Iris scanning measures the iris pattern in the colored part of the eye,

Retina recognition Images back of the eye and compares blood vessels with existing dataRetina recognition Images back of the eye and compares blood vessels with existing data

Behavioral biometrics Speaker/voicerecognition  Signature/handwriting Keystroke/patterning   Behavioral biometrics Speaker/voicerecognition Signature/handwriting Keystroke/patterning

Speaker / Voice Recognition Voice or speaker recognition uses vocal characteristics to identify individualsSpeaker / Voice Recognition Voice or speaker recognition uses vocal characteristics to identify individuals using a pass-phrase. A telephone or microphone can serve as a sensor,

Signature Verification An automated method of measuring an individual’s signature.  This technology examinesSignature Verification An automated method of measuring an individual’s signature. This technology examines speed, direction, and pressure of writing; the time that the stylus is in and out of contact with the “paper’’.

Keystroke dynamics is an automated method of examining an individual’s keystrokes on a keyboard.Keystroke dynamics is an automated method of examining an individual’s keystrokes on a keyboard. This technology examines such dynamics as speed and pressure, the total time taken to type particular words, and the time elapsed between hitting certain keys.

 Prevent unauthorized access to ATMs, Cellular phones Desktop PCs Criminal identification In automobiles Prevent unauthorized access to ATMs, Cellular phones Desktop PCs Criminal identification In automobiles biometrics can replace keys with keyless entry devices Airport security APPLICATIONS