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B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S BPA - WISP Project NASPI Work Group Meeting October 12 -13, 2011 Scott Lissit – Project Manager, Integration Lawrence Carter – Project Manager, PMU Installation Nick Leitschuh – Control Center Lead Dmitry Kosterev – Transmission Planning T R A T I O N

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Project Overview Phase 1 - WISP - PMU Installation • ~132 PMUs • 45 sites (32 500 k. V sites, 13 230 k. V sites) • 10 wind sites (data only) Phase 2 - SP RAS deployment - Additional applications - Wind site integration - No DOE funding used. Matching SGIG grant goes to WECC - Control Center network design/install - Situational awareness applications (nearterm) - Synchro. Phasor RAS development Apr 2010 Apr 2011 Apr 2012 Apr 2013 Apr 2015 Apr 2014 2 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N BPA PMU Deployment Existing PMU Existing/Replace PMU, Group 1 Existing/Replace PMU, Group 2 Existing/Replace PMU, Group 3 New PMU, Group 1 New PMU, Group 2 New PMU, Group 3 New PMU, Group 4 3 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N PMUs • SEL 487 e chosen, with customized features: • Multicast capability • On-the-fly configuration for main/aux bus • Two fully-configurable data streams from a single PMU (PDCs and RAS) • Stand-alone units, deployed in pairs or quads • IEEE C 37. 118 standard, M-class • 60 samples per second • Measurements: • Voltage and line current phasors in polar format, bus frequency, calculated line MW and MVAR, PCB and MOD statuses • No PDCs in substations 4 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N PMU Installation § Redundant PMUs with redundant communication paths (to two control centers) § Current Status: ü “Standard” designs complete ü 6 PMUs installed at 2 initial “Beta” sites ü “Beta” data being analyzed § Contractor installation (Wilson/SAIC) § Schedule • Group 1 (Sites 3 – 14): February, 2012 • Group 2 (Sites 15 – 26): June, 2012 • Group 3 (Sites 27 – 40): October, 2012 • Group 4 (Sites 41 – 45): March, 2013 • Wind sites 1 -10: December 2012 5 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Communications Network § BPA-operated telecom network § SONET backbone • Digital microwave with legacy analog microwave § PMU network is IP over TDM using fractional T 1 s. UDP protocol. § High-capacity routers chosen to enable migration to future applications (Ethernet devices) and evolution of PMU requirements § RAS performance driving design (latency requirements) § NERC CIP compliance driving design, network monitoring § Telecom backup battery and charger replacement required at most sites 6 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Control Centers § Redundant PDCs in each control center • Currently in testing, final selection not yet made § Control Center Architecture • Evaluating feasibility of in-house design based on OSI PI architecture and dedicated application server § Data archives in each control center (short-term), and lab (longterm) • Currently in testing, final selection not yet made § Responsible for PMU network monitoring and NERC CIP compliance § WISP WAN gateway § Communications link between control centers 7 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Network Architecture 8 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Applications § Strategy: Deploy “WASA light” and WECC shared view in Phase 1. § Situational Awareness • Phase angle alarm • Event detection • Oscillation Detection • Mode Meter (Montana Tech) § Engineering Applications • Event analysis • Dynamic performance baselining • Model validation § Other applications under development by BPA Technology Innovation: • Robust state estimation and contingency analysis • Wide area visualization 9 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N BPA WASA Strategy DATA ANALYTICAL APPLICATIONS PRESENTATION Trend Displays (PMU, SCADA) Measurement-Based Applications: • Event Detection • Oscillation Detection • Mode Meter Synchro-phasors Dashboard Alarms Wide-Area View: SCADA, PMU, Results of Contingency Analysis Model-Based Tools: • Contingency Analysis • State Estimation Measurement-based Tools: • Dynamic reactive reserve monitor • Phase angle monitor … SCADA 10 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Wide Area Controls PHASE 1 • Developmental version of PMU-based Remedial Action Scheme (RAS) Historical Data Raw Data User values Testing System Test Controller Simulated PMU data streams Running Response Inject errors, Based Logic delays, bad data, etc Digital Outputs 11 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Build on Existing Control Architecture 500 -k. V Line A-B Line Loss Logic 500 -k. V Line B-C Line Loss Logic … Wide-Area Measurement s SWITCH Existing RAS Controller Response. Based Logic Controller Voltage Set-Point Existing Switching Local Sequence Controller Measure Local Voltage PHASE 2 12 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Challenges § PMU Installation • Short timeline • Scheduling equipment outages § Telecom • Equipment selection impacted by RAS latency requirements, and bandwidth for future traffic • Necessity for upgrades of back-up batteries and chargers at substations § Cyber security • PMUs will be CCAs, with associated PSP, ESP and operational requirements § Selection/development of near-term situational awareness applications and environment (compatibility with legacy systems) § Training for operations and maintenance of new equipment and network 13 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Contact Information § Scott Lissit, PM 360 -619 -6415 [email protected] gov § Lawrence Carter, PM (PMU Installation) 360 -619 -6675 [email protected] gov § Nick Leitschuh, PM (Control Center, SA Apps) 360 -418 -8739 [email protected] gov 14 ¨ Acknowledgment: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number(s) DE-OE 0000364 ¨ Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.