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ared . Always be prep hrist as Lord he reason hearts set apart C ared . Always be prep hrist as Lord he reason hearts set apart C “But in your sks you to give t one who a eness and n answer to every to give a do this with gentl u have. But the hope that yo for - 1 Peter 3: 15 respect” logetics Apo Session 2 – Prophecy 1

Apologetics • 1 - Choices – Other Religions (Done) • 2 - Prophecy (Today) Apologetics • 1 - Choices – Other Religions (Done) • 2 - Prophecy (Today) • 3 - Archeology • 4 - Science of the Bible – Creation v Evolution • 5 - Science of the Bible – Other • 6 - What Else? 2

Apologetics • “Defense”, Acts 17 – Paul Reasoned • Not for arguing, defending • Apologetics • “Defense”, Acts 17 – Paul Reasoned • Not for arguing, defending • Not blind faith • Strengthen your faith – “treasure things in your heart” Luke 2: 19 3

Today’s Questions What makes Christianity different? Aren’t Bible Prophesies really vague so they can Today’s Questions What makes Christianity different? Aren’t Bible Prophesies really vague so they can mean anything you want it to mean? 4

Why Prophecy? Let them (other gods) bring forth and declare to us what is Why Prophecy? Let them (other gods) bring forth and declare to us what is going to take place; As for the former events, declare what they were, That we may consider them and know their outcome. Or announce to us what is coming; Declare things that are going to come afterward, That we may know that you are gods; -Isaiah 41: 22 -23 NASB Now I tell you before it comes, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am [He]. -John 13: 19 NASB 5

Prophecies About Jesus 6 Prophecies About Jesus 6

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The Prophecy of Daniel lived in Babylon Wrote the book during the fifth century The Prophecy of Daniel lived in Babylon Wrote the book during the fifth century BC 8

Daniel’s 70 th Week (Daniel 9: 25 -26) “From the issuing of a decree Daniel’s 70 th Week (Daniel 9: 25 -26) “From the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat even in times of distress” “Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut-off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. . . ” 9

Timeline 7 weeks 62 weeks 69 “weeks” Decree to rebuild temple 10 Messiah is Timeline 7 weeks 62 weeks 69 “weeks” Decree to rebuild temple 10 Messiah is cut-off Jerusalem Destroyed

Calculation. . . • 7 + 62 = 69 weeks • 69 X 7 Calculation. . . • 7 + 62 = 69 weeks • 69 X 7 = 483 Hebrew/lunar years • 483 X 360 = 173, 880 days • 173, 880 days / 365 = 476 Solar years Note: In Genesis and Revelation a 360 day year is used Week/“seven” = period of 7 years 11

When? Neh 2: 1 -8 ”And it came about in the month Nisan, in When? Neh 2: 1 -8 ”And it came about in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes…I said to the king, "If it please the king, and if your servant has found favor before you, send me to Judah, to the city of my fathers' tombs, that I may rebuild it. " 12

When? 13 When? 13

Timeline 476 solar years Messiah is Jerusalem cut-off Destroyed Decree to rebuild temple March Timeline 476 solar years Messiah is Jerusalem cut-off Destroyed Decree to rebuild temple March 14, 445 BC (Nehemiah 2: 1 -8) April 7, 32 AD 476 solar years (Luke 19: 42 -44) (no 0 AD) 14

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What happened on that day? The triumphal entry (aka Palm Sunday) “And when Jesus What happened on that day? The triumphal entry (aka Palm Sunday) “And when Jesus approached, He saw the city (Jerusalem) and wept over it, saying, ‘If you had known in this day, even you, the things which make for peace! But now they have been hidden from your eyes. For the days shall come upon you when your enemies will throw up a bank before you and surround you, and hem you in on every side, and level you to the ground and your children with you, and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not recognize the time of your visitation. ” -Luke 19: 42 -44 16

Does God hold us accountable? You hypocrites! You know how to analyze the appearance Does God hold us accountable? You hypocrites! You know how to analyze the appearance of the earth and the sky, but why do you not analyze this present time? -Luke 12: 56 17

More about Jesus’s birth Who were the magi from the east? Daniel 4: 9 More about Jesus’s birth Who were the magi from the east? Daniel 4: 9 “master of the magicians” Daniel 5: 11 “magicians, astrologers, etc” 18

Other Prophecies. . . 19 Other Prophecies. . . 19

Sacrifice in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3: 21) Enoch – Flood – Noah Sacrifice in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3: 21) Enoch – Flood – Noah (Genesis 5: 24; 6) Abraham Sacrificing Isaac (Genesis 22) Melchizedek (Genesis 14: 18; Psalm 110: 4; Hebrews 7) Isaac and Rebekah his Bride (Genesis 24) The Passover Lamb (Exodus 12) Egypt to Wilderness to Promised Land (Exodus-Judges) The Tabernacle/Sacrificial System (Exodus 26 -28) Moses striking the Rock (Exodus 17) Moses speaking to the Rock (Numbers 20) Serpent in the Wilderness (Numbers 21 & John 3: 14) Boaz and Ruth his Bride (Ruth) (see article on Abraham and Isaac) More Prophecies/Types 20

Prophecies About Israel 21 Prophecies About Israel 21

Ezekiel's ministry was conducted in Jerusalem and Babylon in the first three decades of Ezekiel's ministry was conducted in Jerusalem and Babylon in the first three decades of the 6 th century. Before the first surrender of Jerusalem, he was a functioning priest. He was among those deported in 597 to Babylonia. Ezekiel's religious call came in July 592. He subsequently prophesied until 585 and then was not heard of again until 572. His latest utterance can be dated at about 570. Ezekiel 22

Ezekiel “I have assigned you the same number of days as the years of Ezekiel “I have assigned you the same number of days as the years of their sin. So for 390 days you will bear the sin of the house of Israel. After you have finished this, lie down again, this time on your right side, and bear the sin of the house of Judah. I have assigned you 40 days, a day for each year. ” -Ezekiel 4: 5 -6 Punishment = 390 years + 40 years = 430 years 23

Because of their disobedience to God's commands, the Israelites (Jews) were taken captive in Because of their disobedience to God's commands, the Israelites (Jews) were taken captive in 605 B. C. by the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar (2 Chronicles 36: 5 -21). Later, King Cyrus of Persia conquered Babylon. In 536 B. C. Cyrus allowed the Jews to leave Babylon and return to their homeland. · Punishment completed = 70 years (605 B. C – 536 B. C. ) · Punishment remaining = 430 year – 70 years = 360 years History of Israel 24

History of Israel Even though King Cyrus gave all Jews permission to return home, History of Israel Even though King Cyrus gave all Jews permission to return home, only a small number actually accepted the offer. The Jews had become comfortable in pagan Babylon and chose to stay in exile. "And after all this, if you do not obey Me, then I (God) will punish you seven times more for your sins. “ -Leviticus 26: 18 (Leviticus 26: 18, 26: 21, 26: 24 and 26: 28) New Punishment = 360 years x 7 = 2, 520 years 25

2, 520 Hebrew/lunar years 2, 520 X 360 = 907, 200 days / 365. 2, 520 Hebrew/lunar years 2, 520 X 360 = 907, 200 days / 365. 24 = 2483. 8 Solar years 606 B. C Israel taken into Babylonian captivity (1 st Siege) - 69 Years for 70 years (69 solar years) = 537 B. C. End of first 70 years of judgment + 2484 Years Add the 2, 484 years remaining + 1 Year Add 1 year (no "0" B. C. or A. D. ) = 1948 A. D. End of judgment against nation Israel Calculation. . . 26

What happened on that day? 27 What happened on that day? 27

What about Jerusalem? 587 B. C Jerusalem destroyed in 3 rd seige by Bablyon What about Jerusalem? 587 B. C Jerusalem destroyed in 3 rd seige by Bablyon - 69 Years (69 solar) = 518 B. C. Completion of rebuilding walls + 2484 Years Add the 2, 484 years remaining + 1 Year Added because there is no "0" B. C. or A. D. = 1967 A. D. Jerusalem becomes capital of Israel 28

More Israel returning to the land • I will bring them out from the More Israel returning to the land • I will bring them out from the nations and gather them from the countries, and I will bring them into their own land. – Ezekiel 34: 13 • For I will set mine eyes upon them for good, and I will bring them again to this land: and I will build them, and not pull them down, and I will plant them, and not pluck them up. -Jeremiah 24: 5 • and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it. - Jeremiah 30: 3 -4 29

Ezekiel 37/38 Ezekiel 37/38 "Thus says the Lord God: 'Surely I will take the children of Israel from among the nations, wherever they have gone, and will gather them from every side and bring them into their own land. " (Ezekiel 37: 21) 30

Prophecies In Our Future 31 Prophecies In Our Future 31

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Nebuchadnezzer’s Dream • Head of Gold - Babylon (609 -539 BC) • Chest and Nebuchadnezzer’s Dream • Head of Gold - Babylon (609 -539 BC) • Chest and Arms of Silver - Medo-Persia (539 -331 BC) • Belly and Thighs of Brass - Greece (331 -168 BC) • Legs of Iron - Rome (168 BC - 476 AD) • Feet of Iron and Clay - ? ? ? 34

Yet to Come… 35 Yet to Come… 35

Archeology Teaser • Israel in the Wilderness and Red Sea Crossing • Battle of Archeology Teaser • Israel in the Wilderness and Red Sea Crossing • Battle of Jericho • Joseph 36

The inscription on this brick translates: 'Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who cares for Esagila The inscription on this brick translates: 'Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who cares for Esagila and Ezida, eldest son of Nabopolassar, king of Babylon'. Esagila was the temple of the supreme god Marduk in Babylon, while Ezida was the temple of Nabu, god of writing, in the neighbouring city of Borsippa. The king's most famous construction works were in Babylon where, along with Esagila, he built the famous Ishtar Gate and the 'northern' palace. He also rebuilt the ziggurat tower called Entemenanki. 37

Proof of People Proof of People "Yehosef bar Qafa'" (Joseph son of Caiaphas) king of Israel, and [I] killed [Ahaz]iahu son of [Jehoram kin-] g of the House of David. And I set [their towns into ruins and turned] Tiberieum/[Pon]tius Pilatus/[Praef]ectus Iuda[eae], "Tiberius [the Roman emperor of the period]/Pontius Pilate/Prefect of Judea. " 38

s/Appendix Question 39 s/Appendix Question 39

One of the first Prophecies NAME MEANING Adam Seth Enosh Kenan Mahalalel Jared Enoch One of the first Prophecies NAME MEANING Adam Seth Enosh Kenan Mahalalel Jared Enoch Methusaleh Lamech Noah Man is Appointed Mortal Sorrow but The Blessed God Shall Come Down Preaching His Death Shall Bring the Despairing Rest 40

“The people spoke against God and Moses, “The people spoke against God and Moses, "Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no food and no water, and we loathe this miserable food. " The LORD sent fiery serpents among the people and they bit the people, so that many people of Israel died. So the people came to Moses and said, "We have sinned, because we have spoken against the LORD and you; intercede with the LORD, that He may remove the serpents from us. " And Moses interceded for the people. Then the LORD said to Moses, "Make a fiery {serpent, } and set it on a standard; and it shall come about, that everyone who is bitten, when he looks at it, he will live. " And Moses made a bronze serpent and set it on the standard; and it came about, that if a serpent bit any man, when he looked to the bronze serpent, he lived. -Numbers 21: 6 -9 Israelites in the Wilderness

"As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up; so that whoever believes will in Him have eternal life. For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. “ -John 3: 14 -18 Israelites in the Wilderness