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AP WORLD HISTORY! Tackling the Essays DBQ
Steps in Tackling the DBQ Know the rubric Quickly tackle the documents to look for categories to form your thesis Draft your thesis and note your groups Draft your topic sentences Find your evidence (from the documents) rd time) Tackle your documents again for POV (a 3 Finish your outline, THEN write your essay
The Generic Rubric You can score 9 points on the DBQ. You can score 7 points on the Core. In you earn all 7 points on the core, you might be able to earn 2 bonus points. If you follow Mr. Baker’s advise, you won’t even need to worry about the expanded core – you will have it.
The Thesis If you don’t have a thesis or you have a really bad one it could cost you THREE points.
Using Documents EVERY DOCUMENT must be mentioned at least ONE time in your essay. You cannot “double-dip” for document points (besides mentioning them). You must use documents more than once for it to count more than once. Understanding means you interpret it correctly (discuss/analyze it). You then use the document as evidence To get points for grouping, you only nee to put it in a group.
Let’s Look at a Question Think: Start with thesis… 1. If it includes dates, they are important – what is important about the dates? Should include the dates in thesis statement. 2. Factors: Hmmm? What about SCLARGE or PERSIA – could these be factors?
SCLARGE and PERSIA SCLARGE S – Social (women, labor, class structure) C – Customs and Traditions L – Language A – Arts and Architecture R – Religion G – Government (Geography too!) E – Economics PERSIA P – Political (or military) E – Economic R – Religious S – Social I – Intellectual (ideas, books, art, culture) A – Around (think geography)
Attack the Documents and look for factors…that is your question and will guide your thesis… Factors, factors? PEACE or nationalism? ? ?
Another… Factors…factors… Nationalism or the economy!! Oh, how about I use the same document in two groups?
Continue finding factors…look for similar ones… Oh… this is also about making money – economics – 2 documents make a group.
How to get points for your thesis? Think of your thesis in three parts… 1. Answer the question that is asked in one or two CONNECTING sentences (this is your argument). 2. Indicate the groups (3) that you will use to address the question. You will have more groups than just 3 – more later. 3. Give a “hint” as to what you will address in each group (especially if it is a very broad category).
Now a rough thesis. In 1892 plans were being made to reestablish the Olympic Games. T first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896. The initial goal wa promote world peace, but from 1892 to 2002 many other factors shaped the modern Olympic movement. These factors included polit factors such as demonstrating the political and military power; intellectual factors, such as the rise of nationalism; and social fact such as the rise of feminism. Economics, especially for the profit of corporations, also was a factor in later years. This isn’t great, but it will get the points every time!!!!!!
What about this one…?
More Thesis Information DO NOT try to be overly creative in you essay!! These are historical INFORMATIVE essays The most important thing is to use evidence from the documents to support your argument.
Apply Thesis to Outline In 1892 plans were being made to reestablish the Olympic Games. The first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896. initial goal was to promote world peace, but 1892 to 2002 many other factors shaped the modern Olympic movement. from These factors included political factors such as demonstrating the political and military power; intellectual factors, su rise of nationalism; and social factors such as the rise of feminism. Economics, especially for the profit of corporations, a factor in later years. Group 1 Topic Sentence Group 2 Topic Sentence Evidence from Docs. Conclusion Group 3 Topic Sentence Evidence from Docs.
Continue to Outline In 1892 plans were being made to reestablish the Olympic Games. The first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896. initial goal was to promote world peace, but 1892 to 2002 many other factors shaped the modern Olympic movement. from These factors included political factors such as demonstrating the political and military power; intellectual factors, su rise of nationalism; and social factors such as the rise of feminism. Economics, especially for the profit of corporations, a factor in later years. One of the factors that shaped the modern Olympic Games was political, including nationalism. Evidence from Docs. Another factor was feminism. Evidence from Docs. Conclusion Finally, economics played a major role in shaping the modern Olympics. Evidence from Docs.
Now find your evidence… In 1892 plans were being made to reestablish the Olympic Games. The first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896. initial goal was to promote world peace, but 1892 to 2002 many other factors shaped the modern Olympic movement. from These factors included political factors such as demonstrating the political and military power; intellectual factors, su rise of nationalism; and social factors such as the rise of feminism. Economics, especially for the profit of corporations, a factor in later years. Political, including nationalism 3 pieces of evidence Feminism Economics 3 pieces of evidence Conclusion
Documents Again – Last Time POINT OF VIEW – 3 Ws 1. WHO says it… 2. WHAT does he/she say (this could be used as evidence to support your thesis) 3. WHY does he/she say it (this is the POV and this is where you get POV points.
Examples…How many POVs does this student have?
ONE!!! s hi T sa i P V. O
NO POINTS HERE he T d. n t ec ot e r or n c in did 0. is ar 98 s hi d W in 1 T ol C
So the lesson… Attempt to do POVs for EVERY document…Yes, every document. Do enough correctly and you get into the expanded core!!!!
Example of Point of View
Example of point of view Willy Brandt, Chancellor of West Germany expressed great support for the ECC. Brandt stressed the importance of the ECC and how it might lead to lasting peace in Europe. According to Brandt, the EC would be as significant to Europe as the Marshall Pla was; however, since Brandt made these comments a Harvard University, he might have chosen the American Marshall Plan to highlight so that he could better connect with the American audience (doc. 9).
ONE MORE EXAMPLE
Are there any tricks to POV? ? ? Consider the following about each person Title, position, or job (economic motives, political motives, etc. ) Male/female Country or religion of the person (in favor of country or historically doesn’t like people from a different country; supports or dislikes a religious group) Date the statement was made (around a war) Consider the type of document and why it was created… Political speech, diary entry, newspaper article )what type of paper) Maps, graphs, charts – who created it and why? ? ? Pictures, paintings – who paid for it?
Wait, isn’t there something else I have to include? ? ? The additional document… This is simple, if you do it right…you are really saying whose voic NOT heard and what their voice would add to the discussion. Women Poor Those who “lost” Workers Ethnic Groups Look for obvious omissions
Where do I put the additional document? Officially, anywhere, but just like POV, about ½ of the “additional documents” are wrong, so I say include one per group – REMEMBER TO SAY WHY – ANALYSIS
More…? ? ? Does any of these relate for FACTORS that shaped the Olympics?
New Question… So any additional document would have to apply to attitudes toward technology…
Does this count?
Examples (why did only one count? )…
What counts here?
One More Question
All this counts…
Now use your outline to finish a beautiful essay… HEY Baker! What about the expanded core?
Expanded Core Forget about it… You are going to provide POV for each document and at least 3 additional documents (one per group) – your Expanded Core is met!!!
What if I can’t remember the DBQ Rubric? ?
Lets Give It A Try! THESIS Group 1 Topic Sentence Evidence from Docs. (include POV) Group 2 Topic Sentence Evidence from Docs. (include POV) Group 3 Topic Sentence Evidence from Docs. (include POV) Conclusion (include the “missing document”)
Continuities and Changes Over Time
Know the Rubric Same as DBQ for thesis (groups and time period); the global issue is the topic Evidence –Rule of 3– include three pieces of evidence (facts, dates, names, etc) to prove your thesis. These must be discussed and/or analyzed in order to count!!! What happened in the world that made this happen. Include something outside of the region. How/why was this a change? What happened? What was the process that led to change and how/why did some things STAY THE SAME?
Tackle the question 1. 2. 3. 4. Know that something changed and something stayed the same or they would not have asked the question. Note the topic – formation of national identities. Time Period – what is the significance here (hint it has something to do with war) Specific countries in the region – do you know at least 3 countries in each of the regions? ? ? If no, learn them before the test.
Regions – HUGE DEAL Middle East– Egypt, Israel, Iran, Iraq, Turkey Southeast Asia– Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia Sub Sahara Africa – Nigeria, Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa
Make your outline Thesis – follow same rules – 3 groups; include time period; answ question; provide hints about what changed and what stayed th same over time; include key changing event Group 1 What it was like at the beginning? Evidence – include WHY it was like this Group 2 What was the key changing event? Group 3 What was it like after the change? Evidence – include WHY the key event happened Evidence – include what was the same and what was different and WHY
Common Mistakes Wrong Regions Wrong Time periods Not saying what stays the same No/little analysis – what did change and why did they NOT change Make a global or world connection – mention somethi that is happening in another region or something tha worldwide Not addressing the question (or all parts of the questi
Compare and Contrast
Know the Rubric Comparison means to say what is the same and what is different. This says at LEAST on – you need THREE – Rule of 3!!! Analyze means to say why – why is there a difference or similarity
Tackle the Question
Format of Essay Remember you only get points for pointing out the similarities and differences. Consider the following…
If you do the following… Where are you going to compare and contrast? ? ?
The following also has some issues Can work, but not always
Best format to get POINTS This requires a lot of prewriting – if you have time, do this!!!
Use Outline Thesis – Same as before – answer question, use groups, and give hints Political Goals and Outcomes Evidence Economic Goals and Outcomes Evidence Conclusion Military Goals and Outcomes Evidence
Common Problems Describing the two things/events separately (with great evidence) but never comparing and/or contrasting – NO POINTS FOR DESCRIBING Confusing dates, people, and places Running out of time and not finishing