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Announcements n Grades? Posted and Updated n Start Bringing Your Books (PUT NAME IN Announcements n Grades? Posted and Updated n Start Bringing Your Books (PUT NAME IN IT)!!! n Overview remainder of Class: n Final Coming…. n Lab: Thursday (Work Due Friday) – Teen Pregnancy Portfolio Project n Budget? n Facts?

Intro to Puberty Intro to Puberty

Disclaimers…. . e to tak ere not h of your I’m ace he pl Disclaimers…. . e to tak ere not h of your I’m ace he pl ……talk to t ts paren hem! t t no o I’m re t y he h m n s o pu ues l. va you Not everyt h you le ing ar schoo n in l is to be use today… d. this is the last health class you w ill take! Sense of Humor. Optional

The 21 st Century Version of the Birds & Bees. . . A little The 21 st Century Version of the Birds & Bees. . . A little boy goes to his father and asks "Daddy, how was I born? " The father answers, "Well, son, I guess one day you will need to find out anyway. Your mom and I first got together in a Chat room on Yahoo. Then I set up a date via Email with your mom, and we met at a Cyber-Cafe. We sneaked into a secluded room, where your mother agreed to a Download from my Hard Drive. As soon as I was ready to Upload, we discovered that neither of us had used a Firewall, and since it was too late to hit the Delete button, nine months later a blessed little Pop-Up appeared and said: You've Got Male. "

Group Work (1. Number Packet) ABC Brain. Storm-Page 2 (Rules…. ) n Journal Entry Group Work (1. Number Packet) ABC Brain. Storm-Page 2 (Rules…. ) n Journal Entry One-Page 3 (Discuss/Notes) n Pre-Test, Basics-Page 4 -5 (As much as You Know Now) n Responsibilities & Consequences-Page 7 (Review-At least 5 R / 5 C) n

The Least You Need to Know -Puberty. Endocrine System n Hypothalmus Gonadotropins Pituitary Gland The Least You Need to Know -Puberty. Endocrine System n Hypothalmus Gonadotropins Pituitary Gland LH & FSH Ovaries / Testis n Estrogen Progesterone n Testosterone Everyone’s timeline is different

Secondary Sex Traits *Menstruation *Sperm Maturation Secondary Sex Traits *Menstruation *Sperm Maturation

FYI on Twins FYI on Twins

The Least You Need to Know -Chromosomes. Physiological gender is determined by chromosomes n The Least You Need to Know -Chromosomes. Physiological gender is determined by chromosomes n Human cells = ______? n Who determines? n What is Gender? n

Think, Menstruation + Sperm Maturation = n Only if…. . n What is the Think, Menstruation + Sperm Maturation = n Only if…. . n What is the difference between…. n n Being Physically/Emotionally ‘ready? ’ At least 5 Responsibilities and At least 5 Consequences n Define abstinence n Personal n Medical n relational n

Teen Pregnancy Assignment (s) Turn in: IN ORDER PLEASE n 1. Teen Pregnancy Fact Teen Pregnancy Assignment (s) Turn in: IN ORDER PLEASE n 1. Teen Pregnancy Fact Sheet n 2. Baby Budget………………. n 3. Pregnancy: A real life risk n BRING YOUR BOOKS

ABSTINENCE: Not Engaging in any risky sexual behaviors Oral n Vaginal n Anal n ABSTINENCE: Not Engaging in any risky sexual behaviors Oral n Vaginal n Anal n Skin-to-Skin n

Michael Phelps Competing When He Was Young…… Michael Phelps Competing When He Was Young……

The Least You Need to Know: n n n Identify the basic components of The Least You Need to Know: n n n Identify the basic components of the male and female human reproductive systems. Describe the basic functions of the various components of the male and female reproductive systems. Describe the basic stages of the menstrual cycle and distinguish among ovulation and conception.

Similarities / Differences n n n Develop very similar structures of sex glands Two Similarities / Differences n n n Develop very similar structures of sex glands Two genital tubes Manufacture the hormones of the other sex. Hormones of one sex are often used to treat illness in the other sex. Both sexes have reproductive organs call GENITALS or GENITALIA, designed for the purpose of intercourse and conception. Only the female has organs for pregnancy and childbirth.

Male Reproductive System 1 n A. Two functions: n 1. produce sperm cells n Male Reproductive System 1 n A. Two functions: n 1. produce sperm cells n 2. deposit sperm cells in female reproductive tract n n n the testicles (produce sperm/testosterone) the duct system, which is made up of the epididymis, the vas deferens, and the urethra (passageways) the accessory glands, which include the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and cowper’s gland n n Nutrients Mobility Protection the penis (delivery)

Teen Pregnancy Assignment (s) 2. n 3. n 1. n Baby Budget………………. Pregnancy: A Teen Pregnancy Assignment (s) 2. n 3. n 1. n Baby Budget………………. Pregnancy: A real life risk Teen Pregnancy Fact Sheet n Typed n Title the page n 1 page n At least 7 facts n From at least 3 sources n Provide url for each source n Must include 1 graphic

Male Anatomy Review n http: //www. teachingsexualhealth. ca/media/less ons/5_Anatomy. Physiology. HO_Male. Anatomy. p df Male Anatomy Review n http: //www. teachingsexualhealth. ca/media/less ons/5_Anatomy. Physiology. HO_Male. Anatomy. p df

Computer Lab Reminder Thursday Computer Lab Reminder Thursday

Male Reproductive System 2 Male Reproductive System 2

Announcements n Grades? n All Make-Up Due Thursday n Books (PUT NAME IN IT)!!! Announcements n Grades? n All Make-Up Due Thursday n Books (PUT NAME IN IT)!!! n DUE TOMORROW n WEDNESDAY=LAB – Recent Development Assignment n Final—Study Guide online

Review Review

Computer Lab Reminder Wednesday Computer Lab Reminder Wednesday

Male Anatomy Review n http: //www. teachingsexualhealth. ca/media/less ons/5_Anatomy. Physiology. HO_Male. Anatomy. p df Male Anatomy Review n http: //www. teachingsexualhealth. ca/media/less ons/5_Anatomy. Physiology. HO_Male. Anatomy. p df

n n n n n Scrotum: Temperature Regulation/ House the Testicles: sperm and testosterone n n n n n Scrotum: Temperature Regulation/ House the Testicles: sperm and testosterone production Sperm: the sex cells produced by the male’s testicles which can fertilize the female’s ovum. Epididymus: Where sperm mature Vas Deferens: Passageway from epid to seminal vesicles Seminal Vesicles: stores mature sperm and contribute fluid towards ejaculation (semen) Prostate Gland: contributes most of the fluid in semen. Cowper’s Glands: secretes fluid to make semen and neutralize acid during sexual excitement. Urethra: where urine and semen leave the penis. Penis: male reproductive organ Male Organs

Swimming for your life A sperm is a tiny package with a big responsibility Swimming for your life A sperm is a tiny package with a big responsibility – to fertilize the egg and create a human life. So that tiny package is loaded with “gear” for its important journey. A few facts: l Daily sperm production by a healthy man: 10 million to 50 million l Contents of average ejaculation: 120 -600 million sperm; (millions deformed) l Maturation: 64 -72 days l Average swimming speed of a sperm: 8 inches per hour l Survival time (in reproductive tract): 2 to 7 days

Other related concerns n n n Circumcision: A process that surgically removes the flap Other related concerns n n n Circumcision: A process that surgically removes the flap of skin that covers the glans of the penis. Ejaculation: when semen carrying sperm leaves the penis Semen: the combination of fluid from the accessory glands and sperm and ejaculated by the male from the penis during orgasm (climax). Nocturnal Emissions: normal, involuntary ejaculation of semen and sperm while a male is asleep. Impotence: the failure to get or maintain an erection Vasectomy: surgical procedure for sterilization of the male.

Internal Female Reproductive Organs l Vagina: passageway between the uterus and the outside of Internal Female Reproductive Organs l Vagina: passageway between the uterus and the outside of a woman’s body. l Cervix: Opening from the uterus to the vagina. l Uterine Lining: Endometrium. The thick tissue inside the entire uterus l Uterus: place where fetal development takes place. l Fallopian Tubes: two tubular structures leading from the ovaries to the uterus l Fimbria: fingerlike structures at the end of each fallopian tube l Ovaries: organs holding a woman’s eggs.

External Female Anatomy Labia Majora: two folds of skin running from the mons pubis External Female Anatomy Labia Majora: two folds of skin running from the mons pubis to below the vaginal opening n Labia Minora: two smaller folds of tissue which lie just within the labia majora. n Clitoris: a small, pea-shaped bump at the front of the labia that contains erectile tissue (counter part to male penis. ) n Urethra: below the clitoris, the opening to the bladder. n

Key Terms to Understanding the Menstrual Cycle Ovulation: time when the egg is released Key Terms to Understanding the Menstrual Cycle Ovulation: time when the egg is released from the ovary. n Usually, conception joining of the sperm and egg occurs in the fallopian tube. n If fertilization does not occur, this lining is shed every month. n This is called menstruation, the process by which the uterus rids itself of its old lining, and prepares for the possibility of conception the following month. n About 14 days after ovulation, the body begins to shed the uterine lining, which is made up of blood and fluid. n This is commonly called a “period”. n

Four Stages of the Menstrual Cycle: n a. follicle stage -FSH from the pituitary Four Stages of the Menstrual Cycle: n a. follicle stage -FSH from the pituitary gland stimulates a follicle to begin maturing an ovum. The developing follicle produces estrogen-begins vascularization of the uterine wall (10 -14 days) n b. ovulation-release of ovum from follicle n c. corpus luteum stage-initiated by LH from the pituitary-- follicle develops into a “yellow body” and produces progesterone--readies the female for becoming pregnant n d. menstruation-shedding of the thickened uterine lining if fertilization does not occur

Fertilization (conception): a sperm entering an ovum. n n Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FHS): a substance Fertilization (conception): a sperm entering an ovum. n n Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FHS): a substance which brings to life a few of the ovum in one of the ovaries. Luteinizing Hormone (LH): causes the follicle to burst, and allows ovum to fall into the opening of the fallopian tube. Ova –plural, Ovum— singular: the female reproductive cell. Ovaries: organs holding a woman’s eggs.

Possible Times of Fertility The female undergoes a regular, complex cycle approximately every 28 Possible Times of Fertility The female undergoes a regular, complex cycle approximately every 28 days in order to produce a mature ovum--called the menstrual cycle

The Menstrual Cycle The Menstrual Cycle

Female Reproductive System Key Cervix Egg cells Vagina Menstruation Clitoris Ovulation Uterus Ovaries Fertilization Female Reproductive System Key Cervix Egg cells Vagina Menstruation Clitoris Ovulation Uterus Ovaries Fertilization Sperm cell Hymen Fimbria Ovum Labia Fallopian tubes First ____________ are released in one of the two almond shaped organs known as the _______. During the process of ______, a mature egg (also called ______) is released and enters one of two______. For a few days the egg cell travels toward the pear-shaped ______ (or womb). The lining of this organ thickens in preparation for a fertilized egg. If the egg is not fertilized by the male ________, it will leave the body together with the lining of the uterus and a small amount of blood. This process is called _______. The entrance or lower portion of the uterus is called the ____ while the female organ of intercourse, or the birth canal, is called the _____.

Other related concerns n n n n Endometriosis: fragments of the endometrium in abnormal Other related concerns n n n n Endometriosis: fragments of the endometrium in abnormal places. Hymen: a narrow fold of tissue encircling the entrance to the vagina. Dysmenorrhea: painful menstruation Hysterectomy: surgical removal of uterus. Toxic Shock Syndrome: caused by bacteria that live in the vagina, which then multiply and causes infection. Menopause: the remaining ova no longer ripen or develop. Tubal Ligation: an operation for sterilization of women. PMS: premenstrual syndrome.

Controversial Issue: Taking a Stance For against Controversial Issue: Taking a Stance For against

Timelines Male Time Line: Infancy Erections begin Female Time Line: Ages 11 -14 Ages Timelines Male Time Line: Infancy Erections begin Female Time Line: Ages 11 -14 Ages 9 -12 Secondary sex characteristics appear Ages 13 -16 Sperm produced in adult amounts (puberty) Ages 11 -14 begins Menstrual cycle Late teens Late 20 -30’s Peak sexual urges . Secondary sex characteristics appear Peak sexual urges for boys

‘Inside the Womb’ n Video presenting the concepts discussed ‘Inside the Womb’ n Video presenting the concepts discussed

Graded Discussion (Out of 5) -Too Soon For Jeff- 1 person at a time Graded Discussion (Out of 5) -Too Soon For Jeff- 1 person at a time (Facilitator? ) + 1 Point n Everyone speaks once (2 Freebies) + 1 Point n (At least) 5 subtopics related to TP + 1 Point n Time (At least 15 minutes) and No lapse in speaking (>15 seconds) + 1 Point n Side chatter (nada) + 1 Point n

“On the Fence” Will Regardless Won’t Regardless “On the Fence” Will Regardless Won’t Regardless