Скачать презентацию Albrecht Dürer The Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand Скачать презентацию Albrecht Dürer The Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand

bac1255e5f36b83ba94c1395c37cfbb0.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 24

Albrecht Dürer, “The Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand” (on Mount Ararat, by the Persian Albrecht Dürer, “The Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand” (on Mount Ararat, by the Persian King Saporat, at the order of Emperor Hadrian), painted in 1508

Dutch War of Independence French Wars of Religion 1561: Philip II imposes Spanish 1559: Dutch War of Independence French Wars of Religion 1561: Philip II imposes Spanish 1559: Death of Henry II; rule in Burgundy Catherine de Medici is regent 1566/67: “Calvinist Fury” provokes crackdown 1561: Catherine decrees religious toleration 1562: Massacre at Vassy by the Duc de Guise provokes war 1572: “Sea Beggars” liberate Zeeland & Holland, war begins 1572: Marriage feast leads to St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre 1585: England intervenes to avoid a Protestant defeat 1588: The English defeat the “invincible” Spanish Armada 1588/89: War of the 3 Henries (Guise+Valois+Navarre): Holy League (militant Catholic) takes Paris 1609: Twelve Years’ Truce and partition of the Low Countries 1593/94: Henry IV converts to Catholicism, is crowned King

The Duchy of Burgundy under Emperor Charles V The United Provinces vs. Spanish Netherlands The Duchy of Burgundy under Emperor Charles V The United Provinces vs. Spanish Netherlands in 1609

“The Massacre of the Innocents” (Pieter Brueghel the Young, 1610 s) “The Massacre of the Innocents” (Pieter Brueghel the Young, 1610 s)

The Capture of Briel by the Dutch “Sea Beggars, ” April 1, 1572 The Capture of Briel by the Dutch “Sea Beggars, ” April 1, 1572

William the Silent, Prince of Orange (1533 -1584), painted around 1555 and 1580 William the Silent, Prince of Orange (1533 -1584), painted around 1555 and 1580

Spanish troops leave Maastricht after a truce in 1577, but they returned soon thereafter Spanish troops leave Maastricht after a truce in 1577, but they returned soon thereafter

Anchored off Calais, the “invincible” Spanish Armada of 1588 broke up in confusion when Anchored off Calais, the “invincible” Spanish Armada of 1588 broke up in confusion when the English sailed eight fire ships into their tight formation at midnight

The Dutch were Europe’s best sailors in 1600: Here Dutch ships ram Spanish galleys The Dutch were Europe’s best sailors in 1600: Here Dutch ships ram Spanish galleys off the Flemish coast, October 1602

The Battle of Gibraltar, 1607, when the Dutch completely destroyed a Spanish fleet of The Battle of Gibraltar, 1607, when the Dutch completely destroyed a Spanish fleet of 21 ships

The 12 -Years’ Truce did not apply overseas, so the Dutch conquered all the The 12 -Years’ Truce did not apply overseas, so the Dutch conquered all the most profitable colonies of Portugal

The King of France was also the Duke of Normandy, Count of Provence, etc. The King of France was also the Duke of Normandy, Count of Provence, etc. The Bourbon King of Navarre was the highest ranking French Protestant.

The strong Valois Kings Francis I and Henry II centralized power, but Henry II The strong Valois Kings Francis I and Henry II centralized power, but Henry II died in a freak jousting accident in 1559

Catherine de Medici (1519 -1589), Regent for all three of her sons: Francis II, Catherine de Medici (1519 -1589), Regent for all three of her sons: Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III. The Catholic House of Guise and Huguenot House of Bourbon both sensed a chance to recover their power.

Huguenots depicted as apes and tormentors of Christ. The Catholic majority viewed Catherine’s Edict Huguenots depicted as apes and tormentors of Christ. The Catholic majority viewed Catherine’s Edict of Toleration as gross dereliction of duty; war broke out in 1562 when the Duc de Guise ordered the execution of Huguenots worshiping on his lands.

The partition of France, 1570 -90. Catherine de Medici sought reconciliation in 1572 by The partition of France, 1570 -90. Catherine de Medici sought reconciliation in 1572 by arranging marriage between Marguerite de Valois and King Henry of Navarre.

Gaspard de Coligny, Admiral of France & Huguenot leader, since 1570 a trusted advisor Gaspard de Coligny, Admiral of France & Huguenot leader, since 1570 a trusted advisor of King Charles IX; wounded by a Catholic assassin on August 22, 1572.

The St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, August 24, 1572 (painting by a Huguenot survivor): It The St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, August 24, 1572 (painting by a Huguenot survivor): It began with the murder of the wounded Coligny by order of King Charles IX.

Henry of Navarre seeks protection from his bride: His life was spared when he Henry of Navarre seeks protection from his bride: His life was spared when he promised to convert to Catholicism.

After being recognized by the dying Henry III as the rightful heir to the After being recognized by the dying Henry III as the rightful heir to the throne, Henry of Navarre routed the forces of the Catholic Holy League at the Battle of Arques, September 1589 But the Holy League still controlled Paris and refused to recognize Henry IV

“Procession of the Catholic League on the Place de Grève, ” Paris, 1590 -93: “Procession of the Catholic League on the Place de Grève, ” Paris, 1590 -93: Hunger and the promise that Henry IV would convert to Catholicism made them submit

The coronation of King Henry IV in Paris, 1594 (he cures a scrofulous beggar The coronation of King Henry IV in Paris, 1594 (he cures a scrofulous beggar with his “royal touch”)

Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598 to guarantee Huguenots freedom of Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598 to guarantee Huguenots freedom of conscience, civil rights, and fortified places of refuge.

The Assassination of King Henry IV, 1610 The Assassination of King Henry IV, 1610