- Количество слайдов: 32
Adopted from Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
Zionism Y GOALS: The spiritual and political renewal of the Jewish people in its ancestral homeland of Palestine. Y Freedom from Western anti-Semitism. Theodore Herzl 1860 -1904
The Middle East in 1914
Sykes-Picot Agreement, 1916
The Arab Revolt: 1916 -1918
British Promise to the Jews: Balfour Declaration, 1917 Sir Arthur James Balfour Br. Foreign Secretary His Majesty’s Government views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine…
The League of Nations Mandates
Oil Discovered in Mesopotamia! S First discovered on Masjid-I Suleiman in Persia in 1908. S Turkish-Petroleum Co. [TPC] founded in 1911 drill for oil in Mosul, Mesopotamia. S Britain signed a secret agreement with the sheikh of Kuwait who, while outwardly pledging allegiance to the Ottoman Sultan in Istanbul, promised exclusive oil rights to the British. S Kuwait became a British protectorate in November, 1914. S In 1927, oil was struck in Kirkuk, Iraq, and the Iraq Petroleum Co. [IPC] was created.
Oil Becomes the New International “Coin of the Realm!” S American oil companies [Texaco & Chevron], gain oil concessions in Bahrain in 1929. S In 1933, American oil companies win an oil concession in Saudi Arabia. S ARAMCO [Arab-American Oil Co, ] is created in 1939.
Essential Question: How did Britain’s actions in Palestine after 1918 lay the groundwork for the ongoing conflict between the Jews and the Arabs in the Middle East today?
Jews & Arabs in Palestine, 1920 × In 1920, there was 1 Jew to every 10 Arabs in Palestine. × By 1947, the ratio was 2 Arabs for every Jew. The Arabs felt that they were loosing control of their “country!”
British Mandate in Palestine Created July, 1922
Jewish Settlements: The Kibbutz System Y First one founded in 1908. Y Communal living. Y “Make the Desert Bloom!”
The Peel Commission Partition Plan, 1937
Hitler’s “Final Solution” The Jewish population in each country in 1942.
Aliyah Bet : Illegal Jewish Immigration
Aliyah Bet § Illegal Jewish immigration to Palestine. § The Exodus, 1947.
Palestine Population in 1946
Jewish “Freedom Fighters” (or “Terrorists”? ) Irgun Zvai Leumi [Natl. Military Org. ] Avraham Stern & The Stern Gang
U. N. Partition Plan of 1947
Israel Becomes a Nation: May 14, 1948 Chaim Weizmann, 1 st President David Ben-Gurion, 1 st Prime Minister
War Begins!: May 15, 1948
Arab Refugees, 1948 The Palestinian Diaspora begins!
Armistice Signed, 1949
Israel: 1947 & Israel: 1949
Palestinian Refugees Palestinian Diaspora
Six-Day War (1967) ¯ UN Resolution 242 ¯ UN Resolution 338
Palestine Liberation Organization Yassir Arafat
Camp David Accords (1979) President Anwar Sadat of Egypt President Prime Minister Jimmy Carter Menachem Begin of the U. S. Of Israel
Camp David Accords (1979)
Palestinian Intifada-Part I (1987 -1993)
Palestinian Intifada-Part I (1987 -1993) http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Israeli% E 2%80%93 Palestinian_conflict