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Accountability for Results: National and Sectoral Challenges What works and what does not work Accountability for Results: National and Sectoral Challenges What works and what does not work and why? Lessons from Tanzania MA L. Rutasitara 06 MAY 2011

1. Background • Country context for (why) Mutual Accountability: as one of key factors 1. Background • Country context for (why) Mutual Accountability: as one of key factors for enhancing aid delivery and development impact. • Key highlights: – National development framework (medium term NSGRP/ZSGRP since end of 1990 s), with implementation plans and M&E arrangements, role of actors specified – taking part in aid management initiatives: • National: (assistance strategies, TAS 2000 -2005/JAST 2005 -2005) for both G and DP as basis for dialogue on devt cooperation; • IMG • International (pre- and post-Paris)

 • Structure of dialogue on national devt strategies – Sectoral/thematic WGs– govt MDAs • Structure of dialogue on national devt strategies – Sectoral/thematic WGs– govt MDAs with DPs – PER/PRSP progress reports/CG – Annual National Policy Dialogue (stressing widened participation, holding Govt to account for use of domestic and external resources (incl aid and technical cooperation); asking/querying about results – Not all perfect of MA but a few lessons (+, -)

2. Lessons (enabling factors) i. Govt and DP jointly defining MA agenda basing on 2. Lessons (enabling factors) i. Govt and DP jointly defining MA agenda basing on national development policy framework (with underlying of ownership/leadership, transparency, accountability, good governance …) ii. Joint agreement on monitoring and evaluation mechanisms / indicators iii. Independent Monitoring Group (IMG) recommendations to be agreed, translated into agreed actions, and/or basis for constructive dialogue

v. Establishing channels for technical and highlevel dialogue vi. Involvement of other stakeholders – v. Establishing channels for technical and highlevel dialogue vi. Involvement of other stakeholders – Parliamentarians, CSOs, media (also inclusion, widening participation) – in design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation)

Entailing favourable environment entailing: § § § Provision of information to all stakeholders on Entailing favourable environment entailing: § § § Provision of information to all stakeholders on the basics of national systems (e. g. public finance mangt or procurement systems, dom. accountability institutions) Enhancing their capacity to analyse information Political openness v. Strengthening institutional memory of DPs in the field vi. Confidence, commitment and trust moderated through dialogue (e. g. iv)

3. Lessons (challenges) • Power imbalance btn Govts and PDs: Gvts have little influence 3. Lessons (challenges) • Power imbalance btn Govts and PDs: Gvts have little influence on DPs policies, decisions • Few mechanisms for monitoring DPs performance • Capacity gaps esp. at sub-national level impairing dom. accountability part • Handling of aid flows data/information • Handling technical cooperation

4. Forward to: – Fostering environment for expanded, deeper , engaging partnerships under govt 4. Forward to: – Fostering environment for expanded, deeper , engaging partnerships under govt leadership – Streamlining performance assessment and monitoring frameworks – strengthening domestic capacity in monitoring and evaluation (indicators/data)

– Further improvements of dom accountabilty institutions and systems w. r. t PD/AAA – – Further improvements of dom accountabilty institutions and systems w. r. t PD/AAA – Joint reviews of aid relationship (policies/strategies) in light of changing development cooperation outlook – Continued space for independent reviews of MA on all PD commitments

 • Thank you for your attention • Thank you for your attention