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A Quick Look at the Bible Introducing the Word of God Lesson 1 Why A Quick Look at the Bible Introducing the Word of God Lesson 1 Why we have the Bible 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Key Biblical Truth I need to have a clear understanding of why we have Key Biblical Truth I need to have a clear understanding of why we have the Bible. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Key Verse As new babies, you should want to drink the pure milk which Key Verse As new babies, you should want to drink the pure milk which is God’s Word so you will grow up and be saved from the penalty of sin. 1 Peter 2: 2 NLB 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Original Languages § Old Testament § Hebrew § New Testament § Greek 12 -2009 Original Languages § Old Testament § Hebrew § New Testament § Greek 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Hebrew English Equivalent- All caps, consonants only, no spaces between words HRSRLTHLRDRGDTHLRDSN Hear, O Hebrew English Equivalent- All caps, consonants only, no spaces between words HRSRLTHLRDRGDTHLRDSN Hear, O Israel: The “Deut. 6: 4 NIV “ 12 -2009 LORD our God, the C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge LORD is one.

Greek 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge Greek 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Greek Interlinear 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge Greek Interlinear 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

History’s Effect on Bible Languages Hebrew- was the ancient language of the Patriarchs. Abraham, History’s Effect on Bible Languages Hebrew- was the ancient language of the Patriarchs. Abraham, Isaac & Jacob Moses Aramaic Persian Rule In 538 BC the Jews were taken into captivity into Persia. Upon their return to Israel the common language in Israel became Aramaic 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

History’s Effect on Bible Languages Greek In 333 BC Alexander the Great conquered then History’s Effect on Bible Languages Greek In 333 BC Alexander the Great conquered then known world. To unify his empire the Hellenistic (Greek) culture was imposed on all subjects. The Greek language became the main language for commerce and culture. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

History’s Effect on Bible Languages Latin- In 63 BC the Roman general Pompey conquers History’s Effect on Bible Languages Latin- In 63 BC the Roman general Pompey conquers Jerusalem. Judea is now ruled by the Roman government. The language of Rome is Latin. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

History’s Effect on Bible Languages At the time of Christ, three languages were used History’s Effect on Bible Languages At the time of Christ, three languages were used in Israel. 1) Aramaic- the every day language of the people, including Jesus. 2) Greek- the language used most widely in commerce and trade. 3) Latin- the language of the Romans 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

History’s Effect on Bible Languages In John 19: 19 Pontius Pilate orders an inscription History’s Effect on Bible Languages In John 19: 19 Pontius Pilate orders an inscription be placed over the head of Jesus on the cross. It is to be written in Aramaic, Greek and Latin. The common depiction of this in artwork is INRI. This is from the Latin“Iesvs Nazarenvs Rex Ivdaeorvm” Jesus of Nazereth, king of the Jews 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

History’s Effect on Bible Languages Latin- though not an original Bible language was used History’s Effect on Bible Languages Latin- though not an original Bible language was used extensively in the Christian Church for nearly 2, 000 years. In 70 AD Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans. The leadership of the church moved from Jerusalem to Rome. Thus the extensive use of Latin. The Roman Catholic Church continues to use Latin as it’s official language even today. Latin fell from common use in the 9 th century AD. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

? ? ? ? ? PATER noster, qui es in caelis, sanctificetur nomen tuum. ? ? ? ? ? PATER noster, qui es in caelis, sanctificetur nomen tuum. Adveniat regnum tuum. Fiat voluntas tua, sicut in caelo et in terra. Panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie, et dimitte nobis debita nostra sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris. Et ne nos inducas in tentationem, sed libera nos a malo. Amen. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

The Lord’s Prayer in Latin PATER noster, qui es in caelis, sanctificetur nomen tuum. The Lord’s Prayer in Latin PATER noster, qui es in caelis, sanctificetur nomen tuum. Adveniat regnum tuum. Fiat voluntas tua, sicut in caelo et in terra. Panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie, et dimitte nobis debita nostra sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris. Et ne nos inducas in tentationem, sed libera nos a malo. Amen. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

How Years are Numbered Today B. C. means ? 12 -2009 C 102. 03 How Years are Numbered Today B. C. means ? 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ 12 -2009 C 102. 03 How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ A. D. means? 12 -2009 How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ A. D. means? 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ A. D. Anno Domini 12 How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ A. D. Anno Domini 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ A. D. Anno Domini “The How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ A. D. Anno Domini “The Year of our Lord” 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ BCE Before Common Era A. How Years are Numbered Today B. C. Before Christ BCE Before Common Era A. D. Anno Domini “The Year of our Lord” CE Common Era 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

A Quick Look at the Bible Introducing the Word of God Lesson 2 How A Quick Look at the Bible Introducing the Word of God Lesson 2 How was the Bible written? 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Key Biblical Truth Because the Bible is inspired by God, I need to use Key Biblical Truth Because the Bible is inspired by God, I need to use the Bible today the way God tells me to. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Key Verse 2 Timothy 3: 16 All scripture is inspired by God and is Key Verse 2 Timothy 3: 16 All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching the faith and correcting error, for re-setting the direction of a man's life and training him in good living. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Rules for Copying Scripture 1) A synagogue roll must be written on the skins Rules for Copying Scripture 1) A synagogue roll must be written on the skins of clean animals, 2) Prepared for use by a Jew 3) Must be fastened together with strings from clean animals 4) Every skin must contain a certain number of columns, equal through the entire codex, 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Rules for Copying Scripture 5) The length of each column must not extend over Rules for Copying Scripture 5) The length of each column must not extend over less than 48 or more than 60 lines. And the breadth must consist of 30 letters. 6)The whole copy must be first lined; and if three words be written without a line it is worthless. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Rules for Copying Scripture 7)The ink should be black, not red, green, nor any Rules for Copying Scripture 7)The ink should be black, not red, green, nor any other color and prepared according to a definite recipe. 8)An authentic copy must be the exemplar, from which the transcriber ought not in the least deviate. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Rules for Copying Scripture 9) No word or letter, not even a yod, must Rules for Copying Scripture 9) No word or letter, not even a yod, must be written from memory, the scribe not having looked at the codex before him… 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Rules for Copying Scripture 10) Between every consonant the space of a hair or Rules for Copying Scripture 10) Between every consonant the space of a hair or thread must intervene; between every word, the breadth of a narrow consonant; 11) between every new section, the breadth of nine consonants; 12) between every book, three lines. 13) The fifth book of Moses must terminate exactly with a line, but the rest need not do so. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Rules for Copying Scripture 14) Besides this, the copyist must sit in full Jewish Rules for Copying Scripture 14) Besides this, the copyist must sit in full Jewish dress, 15) wash his whole body, 16) Not begin to write the name of God with a pen newly dipped in ink, 17)and should a king address him while writing that name he must take no notice of him…. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Rules for Copying Scripture In addition…The rolls in which these regulations are not observed Rules for Copying Scripture In addition…The rolls in which these regulations are not observed are condemned to be buried in the ground or burned; or they are banished to the schools, to be used as reading books. From Sir Frederic Kenyon, Our Bible and the Ancient Manuscripts (Harper and Brothers, New York, 1958) pp. 78 -79. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Codex Vaticanus One of the oldest and most valuable extant manuscripts of the Greek Codex Vaticanus One of the oldest and most valuable extant manuscripts of the Greek Bible. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Dead Sea Scrolls 1, 000 years older than any previous manuscripts 12 -2009 C Dead Sea Scrolls 1, 000 years older than any previous manuscripts 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

A Quick Look at the Bible Introducing the Word of God Lesson 3 Is A Quick Look at the Bible Introducing the Word of God Lesson 3 Is the Bible Accurate? 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Key Biblical Truth I need to prove in my own daily life that the Key Biblical Truth I need to prove in my own daily life that the teachings of the Bible are true. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Key Verse And be sure to put into practice what you hear. The more Key Verse And be sure to put into practice what you hear. The more you do this, the more you will understand what I tell you. Mark 4: 24 TLB 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Prophecies are accurate o Alfred Edersheim in studying the Bible, found 456 specific prophecies Prophecies are accurate o Alfred Edersheim in studying the Bible, found 456 specific prophecies related to the life of Christ. o What is the chance that these prophecies can be fulfilled in the life of just one person? o Prof. Peter Stoner calculated the probability of just eight of these prophecies coming true in one person. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Probability of 8 prophecies o In the book, Science Speaks, mathematician and scientist, Peter Probability of 8 prophecies o In the book, Science Speaks, mathematician and scientist, Peter Stoner, applies the rules of probability to these prophecies. The chances of just eight of these 456 prophecies being fulfilled are one in 10 to the 17 th power - that's 1 in 100, 000, 000! In the book, Professor Stoner, illustrates: 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Probability of 8 prophecies o Let us try to visualize this chance. . . Probability of 8 prophecies o Let us try to visualize this chance. . . Suppose that we take 10 to the 17 th power silver dollars and lay them on the face of Texas. They will cover all of the state two feet deep. Now mark one of these silver dollars and stir the whole mass thoroughly. . . Blindfold a man and tell him. . . he must pick up one silver dollar. . . What chance would he have of getting the right one? Just the same chance that the prophets would have had of writing these eight prophecies and having them all come true in any one man. (Science Speaks, pp. 106 - 107) 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Probability of 48 prophecies o Professor Stoner, then took 48 of these 456 fulfilled Probability of 48 prophecies o Professor Stoner, then took 48 of these 456 fulfilled prophecies. The chances of 48 being fulfilled are 1 in 10 to the 157 power that's 1 in 10 with 157 zeros! 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Probability of 48 prophecies o Let us try to visualize it. . . The Probability of 48 prophecies o Let us try to visualize it. . . The electron is about as small an object as we know of. It is so small that it will take 2. 5 x 10 to the 15 th power of them laid side by side to make a line, single file, one inch long. If we were going to count the electrons in this line one inch long, and counted 250 each minute, and if we counted day and night, it would take us 19, 000 years to count just the one-inch line of electrons. . . With this introduction, let us go back to our chance of 1 in 10 to the 157 th power. . . Let us make a solid ball of electrons, extending in all directions from the earth to the distance of six billion light-years (the distance that light will travel at 186, 000 miles a second in 6, 000, 000 years). Have we used up our 10 to the 157 th power electrons? No, we have made such a small hole in the mass that we cannot see it. Now, one of these electrons was marked and thoroughly stirred into the whole mass; blindfold your man and ask him to find the marked electron. (The electron, in fact, is so small that it cannot be seen with a powerful microscope. ) To the extent, then, that we know this blindfolded man cannot pick out the marked electron, we know that the Bible is inspired. (Science Speaks, pp 109 111) 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

A Quick Look at the Bible Introducing the Word of God Lesson 4 12 A Quick Look at the Bible Introducing the Word of God Lesson 4 12 -2009 Old and New Testament Overview C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Key Biblical Truth I need to use the Bible in all my daily experiences. Key Biblical Truth I need to use the Bible in all my daily experiences. 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Key Verse The scriptures are the comprehensive equipment of the man of God, and Key Verse The scriptures are the comprehensive equipment of the man of God, and fit him fully for all branches of his work. 2 Timothy 3: 17 Phillips NT 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Old Testament 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge Old Testament 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

New Testament 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge New Testament 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge

Contact Info Global Teen Challenge globaltc. org iteenchallenge. org 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Contact Info Global Teen Challenge globaltc. org iteenchallenge. org 12 -2009 C 102. 03 Global Teen Challenge