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5. Phrasal Units Self-study Worksheet 5. Phrasal Units Self-study Worksheet

1. Indicate the category of each word in the following sentences. a) That glass 1. Indicate the category of each word in the following sentences. a) That glass suddenly broke. b) A jogger ran towards the end of the lane. c) These dead trees might block the road.

a) Det N Adv V That glass suddenly broke. a) Det N Adv V That glass suddenly broke.

b) Det N V P Det N A jogger ran towards the end of b) Det N V P Det N A jogger ran towards the end of the lane.

c) Det A N Infl V Det N These dead trees might block the c) Det A N Infl V Det N These dead trees might block the road

2. Each of the following phrases consists of a specifier and a head. Draw 2. Each of the following phrases consists of a specifier and a head. Draw the appropriate tree structure for each example. a) so bad b) this house c) quite cheap d) never surrender e) those books

a) AP Deg A so bad a) AP Deg A so bad

b) NP Det N this house b) NP Det N this house

c) AP Deg A quite cheap c) AP Deg A quite cheap

d) VP Qual V never surrender d) VP Qual V never surrender

e) NP Det N those books e) NP Det N those books

3. The following phrases include a head, a complement, and (in some cases) a 3. The following phrases include a head, a complement, and (in some cases) a specifier. Draw the appropriate tree structure for each example. a) up the stairs b) read a book c) excited about the trip d) in love with Lucy e) perhaps earn the money f) that argument with Owen

a) PP NP P Det N up the stairs a) PP NP P Det N up the stairs

b) VP NP V Det N read a book b) VP NP V Det N read a book

c) AP PP NP A P Det N excited about the trip c) AP PP NP A P Det N excited about the trip

d) PP NP P N in love P with N Lucy d) PP NP P N in love P with N Lucy

e) VP NP Qual V Det N perhaps earn the money e) VP NP Qual V Det N perhaps earn the money

f) NP PP NP Det that N argument P N with Owen f) NP PP NP Det that N argument P N with Owen

6. For each of the following words two potential complement options are given. For 6. For each of the following words two potential complement options are given. For each word, determine which option is correct.

Verbs expire observe a. b. NP NP a. NP b. PPto PPabout discuss a. Verbs expire observe a. b. NP NP a. NP b. PPto PPabout discuss a. NP b. clean a. NP PPfor b. NP NP

Nouns hammer a. b. PPwith PPabout success a. PPof PPto b. PPof argument a. Nouns hammer a. b. PPwith PPabout success a. PPof PPto b. PPof argument a. b. PPwith PPabout

Adjectives sick a. NP knowledgeable a. PPto small a. PPof b. PPabout b. Adjectives sick a. NP knowledgeable a. PPto small a. PPof b. PPabout b.

6. Identify the phrasal units in the following phrases. a message to the troops 6. Identify the phrasal units in the following phrases. a message to the troops S H Comp. worked for the party energetically H Comp. Mod.

slept quietly by the window Mod. H stubborn about going abroad Comp. H negotiates slept quietly by the window Mod. H stubborn about going abroad Comp. H negotiates the proposal directly with the government H Comp. Mod. Comp.

Thank You! Thank You!