Скачать презентацию 480 BC Exam question In 480 BC the Скачать презентацию 480 BC Exam question In 480 BC the

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480 BC Exam question: In 480 BC, the Greeks fought a major battle with 480 BC Exam question: In 480 BC, the Greeks fought a major battle with the Persians. We consider this date to be the beginning of the _____ era. a. Hellenistic b. Archaic c. Good Times d. Classical e. Imperial (don’t bother to copy down wrong answers!)

SUMMARY Roman art was about POWER, PLEASURE & PRACTICALITY ARCHitecture ART: media: mosaic, fresco SUMMARY Roman art was about POWER, PLEASURE & PRACTICALITY ARCHitecture ART: media: mosaic, fresco SCULPTURE: Realism MUSIC: not much to say

ANCIENT ROME The Spirit of Empire ANCIENT ROME The Spirit of Empire

map better map p. 72 map better map p. 72

Romulus & Remus Romulus & Remus

Etruscan Apollo from Veii 500 b. c Life size Baked clay (terracotta) Archaic Greek Etruscan Apollo from Veii 500 b. c Life size Baked clay (terracotta) Archaic Greek influence (smile, stance) p. 71

3 Roman Periods • Roman Republic 509 - 27 BC • Early empire 27 3 Roman Periods • Roman Republic 509 - 27 BC • Early empire 27 BC - 180 AD PAX ROMANA ends with the reign of Marcus Aurelius • Late empire 180 - 395 AD about 900 years

But first some connections and comparisons. . . Ancient Greek Hellenistic Age ends in But first some connections and comparisons. . . Ancient Greek Hellenistic Age ends in 145 BC – why? ROMAN CONQUEST

Other cultures Ancient Egypt 3150 – 702 BC about 2500 years China ROME – Other cultures Ancient Egypt 3150 – 702 BC about 2500 years China ROME – 900 years Shang Dynasty starts 1523 BC; more-or-less continuous Chinese culture since then, about 3500 years Qin Dynasty consolidates China, 221 -206 BC, about 16 years Han Dynasty 206 BC – 220 CE classical phase of Chinese civilization, about 400 years

3 timelines Roman Republic Classical Greek Early & Late Imperial Rome Hellenistic Archaic Greek 3 timelines Roman Republic Classical Greek Early & Late Imperial Rome Hellenistic Archaic Greek HAN DYNASTY - CHINA Zhou Qin Chin 3 Kingdoms 0

Classical – some definitions 1. [culturally inclusive] Definitive (defining) and enduring 2. [narrow sense] Classical – some definitions 1. [culturally inclusive] Definitive (defining) and enduring 2. [narrow sense] art & architecture of Greek & Roman antiquity 3. [another general sense] ‘art which aspires to emotional and physical equilibrium, rationally rather than intuitively constructed’

Roman contributions • Literature • Continuation of Greek models in art & philosophy • Roman contributions • Literature • Continuation of Greek models in art & philosophy • Architecture

Post & Lintel construction LINTEL P P O O S S T T GREEK Post & Lintel construction LINTEL P P O O S S T T GREEK PARTHENON

Post & Lintel drawbacks LINTEL P P O O S S T T thick Post & Lintel drawbacks LINTEL P P O O S S T T thick narrow thick

Something new under the sun. . . Something new under the sun. . .

Roman ARCHitecture Roman ARCHitecture

Arches – strength through compression Arches – strength through compression

Pont du Gard (in France) Inventions reached their limit a long time ago, and Pont du Gard (in France) Inventions reached their limit a long time ago, and I see no hope for further development. Julius Frontius, 1 st century AD

Archways for Aquaducts Archways for Aquaducts

Pantheon p. 82 -83 Pantheon p. 82 -83

Pantheon Pantheon

Pantheon plan Pantheon plan

Interior views Engineering marvel Concrete! Interior views Engineering marvel Concrete!

Interior more spectacular than exterior Interior more spectacular than exterior

Pantheon later used as church Tuscan order of columns (with Corinthian capitals) Missing pedimental Pantheon later used as church Tuscan order of columns (with Corinthian capitals) Missing pedimental sculpture comments have been (would like Parthenon)

Coliseum • Brings together the violence and the achievements of Roman society • Home Coliseum • Brings together the violence and the achievements of Roman society • Home of gladiatorial contests…man vs. man, man vs. animal, animal vs. animal • Seating designed for comfort with an expandable covering over the top • Plumbing which could wash away the blood or create an ‘inland sea’ on which to have mock sea battles POWER (POLITICS) & PLEASURE

plan plan

Art as propaganda Hail, Caesar Augustus! a. k. a. Octavian Ruled 27 BC – Art as propaganda Hail, Caesar Augustus! a. k. a. Octavian Ruled 27 BC – 14 AD PAX ROMANA MEMORIZE DATE: 0 Hailing Caesar p. 74 Taxi !

Ara Pacis Augustae p. 75 Altar of Augustan Peace Ara Pacis Augustae p. 75 Altar of Augustan Peace

2: 1 length: height 2: 1 length: height

p. 76 A family affair p. 76 A family affair

Column of Trajan Column of Trajan

SCALE! p. 77 SCALE! p. 77

art as propaganda art as propaganda

Portrait Sculpture Roman Realism Life as it is – fidelity to nature Portrait Sculpture Roman Realism Life as it is – fidelity to nature

Livia Augustus’ Wife Livia Livia Augustus’ Wife Livia

Young Flavian woman Middle Aged Flavian woman Young Flavian woman Middle Aged Flavian woman

Statue of an old market woman, 1 st century A. D. ; Roman On Statue of an old market woman, 1 st century A. D. ; Roman On the way to a rite of Dionysus? Probably intentionally damaged by Early Christians

Emperor Caracalla Emperor Caracalla

Philippus the Arab, ruled 244 -249 Philippus the Arab, ruled 244 -249

2 -D work • Mosaics • Wall painting - fresco MEDIA 2 -D work • Mosaics • Wall painting - fresco MEDIA

Mosaics • • • From Greek Hellenistic period Tessare - colored glass Ceramic pieces Mosaics • • • From Greek Hellenistic period Tessare - colored glass Ceramic pieces Narrow color range Technology and artistry improves to create what look like paintings

Unswept Floor Roman copy of Hellenistic original. p. 86 Trompe l’oiel “fool the eye” Unswept Floor Roman copy of Hellenistic original. p. 86 Trompe l’oiel “fool the eye”

Roman Painting • Fresco (buon affresco, true frecso, compared to fresco secco, dry fresco) Roman Painting • Fresco (buon affresco, true frecso, compared to fresco secco, dry fresco) • Pigment mixed with limewater and added to wet plaster • Wax added to surface after paint had dried to give a sheen to surface.

Villa of the Mysteries at Pompeii 65 -50 b. c. p. 87 Villa of the Mysteries at Pompeii 65 -50 b. c. p. 87

Pompeii Buried by volcanic eruption of Vesuvius 79 AD Prosperous community of 25, 000 Pompeii Buried by volcanic eruption of Vesuvius 79 AD Prosperous community of 25, 000

depicts initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus p. 87 from the Villa of depicts initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus p. 87 from the Villa of Mysteries Pompeii

NOT actually religious—just decorative Summer house of wine merchant, richest in town Content not NOT actually religious—just decorative Summer house of wine merchant, richest in town Content not currently fully explained Characteristic p. 87 red background

From Pompeii, c. 62 - 79 CE. Sacral-idyllic (sacred and ideal) landscapes depict allegorical From Pompeii, c. 62 - 79 CE. Sacral-idyllic (sacred and ideal) landscapes depict allegorical scenes in Nature.

"Gardenscape" Villa of Livia, Primaporta (Rome), c. 30 - 20 B. C. E.

Still Life from Herculaneum 50 a. d. small town near Pompeii Still life – Still Life from Herculaneum 50 a. d. small town near Pompeii Still life – a genre of painting featuring inanimate objects (usually (? ) associated with material wellbeing)

SUMMARY Roman art was about POWER, PLEASURE & PRACTICALITY ARCHitecture ART (2 -D) – SUMMARY Roman art was about POWER, PLEASURE & PRACTICALITY ARCHitecture ART (2 -D) – media: mosaic, fresco SCULPTURE: Realism MUSIC: not much to say

KEY IMAGE WHAT: PANTHEON WHERE: ROME IDEA: INNOVATIONS -ARCH, concrete KEY IMAGE WHAT: PANTHEON WHERE: ROME IDEA: INNOVATIONS -ARCH, concrete

KEY IMAGE WHAT (SUBJECT): CAESAR AUGUSTUS CULTURE: ROMAN IDEA: ART AS PROPAGANDA WHEN: around KEY IMAGE WHAT (SUBJECT): CAESAR AUGUSTUS CULTURE: ROMAN IDEA: ART AS PROPAGANDA WHEN: around 0 p. 74 Taxi !

KEY IMAGE CULTURE: HELLENISTIC/ROMAN IDEA: REALISM, PLEASURE MEDIUM: MOSAIC TECHNIQUE: TROMPE L’OIEL p. 86 KEY IMAGE CULTURE: HELLENISTIC/ROMAN IDEA: REALISM, PLEASURE MEDIUM: MOSAIC TECHNIQUE: TROMPE L’OIEL p. 86

KEY IMAGE WHERE: from Pompeii CULTURE: ROMAN IDEA: PLEASURE MEDIUM: p. 87 FRESCO KEY IMAGE WHERE: from Pompeii CULTURE: ROMAN IDEA: PLEASURE MEDIUM: p. 87 FRESCO

Up to Dates? 480 BCE BEGINNING OF GREEK CLASSICAL ERA/GOLDEN AGE 0 - CAESAR Up to Dates? 480 BCE BEGINNING OF GREEK CLASSICAL ERA/GOLDEN AGE 0 - CAESAR AUGUSTUS IN POWER – END OF REPUBLIC, START OF EMPIRE – PAX ROMANA

UP NEXT ROME FALLS 410 CONSTANTINE AND EARLY CHRISTIANITY Chapter 5 http: //www. mapsofwar. UP NEXT ROME FALLS 410 CONSTANTINE AND EARLY CHRISTIANITY Chapter 5 http: //www. mapsofwar. com/images/EMPIRE 17. swf

Earlier Periods • Pre-Etruscan 1000 -700 BC • Ertruscan 700 -509 BC - strong Earlier Periods • Pre-Etruscan 1000 -700 BC • Ertruscan 700 -509 BC - strong enough to resist Greeks And then came the LATINS

Domestic Architecture • • • Domus = house Atrium = entrance to house Outside Domestic Architecture • • • Domus = house Atrium = entrance to house Outside plain, inside elaborate. Homes were considered sanctuaries Atrium would often have sculptures of family members

Atrium Atrium

House of Vettii Garden House of Vettii Garden

Large scale rural architecture Hadrian’s Villa (2 nd c. ) • 1/2 square mile Large scale rural architecture Hadrian’s Villa (2 nd c. ) • 1/2 square mile in size (c. 250 acres) • 30 buildings (now in ruins) • hundreds of statues (over 500) • mosaic floors • “Antiquarian Spirit” – Greek, Egyptian revival