Скачать презентацию 3 B El imperativo negativo Negative Commands Скачать презентацию 3 B El imperativo negativo Negative Commands

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3 B – El imperativo negativo Negative Commands 3 B – El imperativo negativo Negative Commands

A. El imperativo formal A. El imperativo formal

Just add “No” to make the command negative. (Just add –n on to the Just add “No” to make the command negative. (Just add –n on to the verb to make the command plural. Add “Uds” if you wish. ) Affirmative • Hable • Coma • Duerma • Pague • Comience • Haga • Oiga • Ponga • Vaya Negative No hable(n) Ud(s) No coma No duerma No pague No comience No haga No oiga No ponga No vaya

B. “Let’s” Commands B. “Let’s” Commands

Just add “No” to make the “Let’s” command negative. Affirmative • • • Hablemos Just add “No” to make the “Let’s” command negative. Affirmative • • • Hablemos – Let’s talk Comamos Durmamos Paguemos Comencemos Hagamos Oigamos Pongamos Tengamos Negative No hablemos – Let’s not talk No comamos No durmamos No paguemos No comencemos No hagamos No oigamos No pongamos No tengamos

C. El imperativo familiar C. El imperativo familiar

To form the negative familiar commands there are 3 steps. • 1. Find the To form the negative familiar commands there are 3 steps. • 1. Find the polite command • 2. Place “no” before the verb • 3. Add an “s” to the end Ejemplo: Caminar 1. camine 2. no camine 3. no camines Don’t walk.

parar • 1. pare • 2. no pare • 3. no pares Don’t stop. parar • 1. pare • 2. no pare • 3. no pares Don’t stop.

cerrar • 1. cierre • 2. no cierres Don’t close. cerrar • 1. cierre • 2. no cierres Don’t close.

pedir • 1. pida • 2. no pida • 3. no pidas Don’t order/request. pedir • 1. pida • 2. no pida • 3. no pidas Don’t order/request.

volver • 1. vuelva • 2. no vuelva • 3. no vuelvas Don’t return. volver • 1. vuelva • 2. no vuelva • 3. no vuelvas Don’t return.

salir • 1. salga • 2. no salga • 3. no salgas Don’t leave. salir • 1. salga • 2. no salga • 3. no salgas Don’t leave.

estar • esté • no estés Don’t be estar • esté • no estés Don’t be

ir • vaya • no vayas Don’t go ir • vaya • no vayas Don’t go

But…. . Negative Commands with Pronouns But…. . Negative Commands with Pronouns

Pronouns must be placed before the verb in negative commands. Pronouns must be placed before the verb in negative commands.

A. POLITE COMMANDS Affirmative Command Llámeme. - Call me. Póngaselo. – Put it on. A. POLITE COMMANDS Affirmative Command Llámeme. - Call me. Póngaselo. – Put it on. Devuélvala. – Return it. Díganmelo. – Tell it to me. Escríbanlas. – Write them Levántense. - Get up. Negative Command No me llame. - Don’t call me. No se lo ponga. - Don’t put it on. No la devuelva. - Don’t return it. No me lo digan. - Don’t tell it to me. No las escriban. - Don’t write them. No se levanten. - Don’t get up. • In the negative command, the pronoun is placed before the verb. *In the negative command, there is no accent.

B. “LET’S” COMMANDS Affirmative Command Llamémoslo. – Let’s call him. Pongámonoslos. – Let’s put B. “LET’S” COMMANDS Affirmative Command Llamémoslo. – Let’s call him. Pongámonoslos. – Let’s put them on Devolvámosla. – Let’s return it. Dígámosles. – Let’s tell (to)them. Digámoselo. - Let’s tell it to them. Escríbámoslas. – Let’s write them. Levantémonos. - Let’s get up. Negative Command No lo llamemos. - Let’s not call him. No nos los pongamos – Let’s not put them on. No la devolvamos. - Let’s not return it. No les digamos. – Let’s not tell them. No se lo digamos – Let’s not tell it to them No las escribamos. –Let’s not write them. No nos levantemos. – Let’s not get up. *In the negative command, the pronoun is placed before the verb. • In the negative command, there is no accent. • Don’t forget: Indirect before direct. • Don’t forget: le or les becomes se in front of lo, la, los or las • Don’t forget: drop the “s” on levantemos when adding nos

C. FAMILIAR COMMANDS Affirmative Command Llámame. - Call me. Póntelo. – Put it on. C. FAMILIAR COMMANDS Affirmative Command Llámame. - Call me. Póntelo. – Put it on. Devuélvela. – Return it. Dímelo. – Tell it to me. Escríbelas. – Write them. Levántate. - Get up. Negative Command No me llames. - Don’t call me. No te lo pongas. - Don’t put it on. No la devuelvas. - Don’t return it. No me lo digas. - Don’t tell it to me. No las escribas. - Don’t write them. No te levantes. - Don’t get up. *Don’t forget the 3 steps: change to the polite command, add “no”, add “s”. *Place the pronoun before the verb. *In the negative command, there is no accent. *Don’t forget: Indirect before direct. *Don’t forget: le or les becomes se in front of lo, la, los or las

Negative Commands – Notice all pronouns are placed before the verb. A. Polite • Negative Commands – Notice all pronouns are placed before the verb. A. Polite • No me las cante Ud. . Don’t sing them to me. • No lo haga Ud. Don’t do it. • No tenga Ud. fiesta. Don’t have a party. B. Let’s • No estemos aquí mañana. Let’s not be here tomorrow. • No la cerramos. Let’s not close it. • No les digamos la verdad. Let’s not tell the truth to them. C. Familiar • No me la digas. Don’t tell it to me. • No se lo des. Don’t give it to him. • No te pongas los zapatos. Don’t put on your shoes.

Change the affirmative command to the negative Change the affirmative command to the negative

A. Polite Place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, remove A. Polite Place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, remove accents. • Dígame – Tell me. • No me diga – Don’t tell me. • Manéjelo – Drive it. • No lo maneje – Don’t drive it. • Cómpremelas – Buy them for me. • No me las compre. – Don’t buy them for me • Lávese. – Wash. • No se lave. – Don’t wash. • Tómela. – Take it. • No la tome. – Don’t take it. • Prepáreselas. – Prepare them for her. • No se las prepare. – Don’t prepare them for her.

B. “Let”s” Place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, and B. “Let”s” Place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, and remove accents. • Digámosle. – Let’s tell her. • No le digamos. – Let’s not tell her. • Lavémonos. – Let’s wash. • No nos lavemos. – Let’s not wash. • Manejémoslo. – Let’s drive it. • No lo manejemos – Let’s not drive it. • Tomémosla. – Let’s take it. • No la tomemos. – Let’s not take it. • Comprémoselas. – Let’s buy them for him. • No se las compremos. – Let’s not buy them for him. • Preparémoselas. – Let’s prepare them for her. • No se las preparemos. – Let’s not prepare them for her.

C. Familiar Change verb to the Polite command, place the “no” before the verb, C. Familiar Change verb to the Polite command, place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, add an “s”, and remove the accents. • Dime. – Tell me. • No me digas. – Don’t tell me. • Manéjalo. – Drive it. • No lo manejes – Don’t drive it. • Cómpramelas. – Buy them for me. • No me las compres. – Don’t buy them for me • Lávate. – Wash. • No te laves. – Don’t wash. • Tómala. – Take it. • No la tomes. – Don’t take it. • Prepáraselas. – Prepare them for her. • No se las prepares. – Don’t prepare them for her.

Gracias por su atención. Gracias por su atención.