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© 2004 By Default! THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Mr. P’s Class Yellow on the left, © 2004 By Default! THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Mr. P’s Class Yellow on the left, RED on the right A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 1

© 2004 By Default! KEY QUESTION You have a great idea for a new © 2004 By Default! KEY QUESTION You have a great idea for a new bill. Describe the process, in detail, of how a bill becomes a law. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 2

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch The Great Compromise created two houses of © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch The Great Compromise created two houses of Congress: « House of Representatives – 435 members. The number of members per state is based upon the population. « The Senate – EVERY state has two senators. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 3

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch VOCABULARY the of ers emb – (M © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch VOCABULARY the of ers emb – (M te). S IVE tives). he Sena TAT enta of t EN res RES Rep bers m REP e of (Me S – ous H TOR ENA S A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 4

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch VOCABULARY APP ORT divi ded IONED up © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch VOCABULARY APP ORT divi ded IONED up b - ba – (H sed etw een ow the CEN on t the he c SUS 4 coun stat 35 me ensu – (E mbe es). ts t s. very rs a he n ten re umb year er o f pe s, the ople gove in th rnm ent e U. S. A. ) A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 5

© 2004 By Default! VOCABULARY The Legislative Branch (cont. ) DISTRICTS – Area that © 2004 By Default! VOCABULARY The Legislative Branch (cont. ) DISTRICTS – Area that an elected member represents. TERM – Amount of time that a member serves. CONSTITUENT – People that a member of Congress represents. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 6

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch REQUIREMENTS for Congress A Free sample background © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch REQUIREMENTS for Congress A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 7

THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES üTwo-year term. üMember must be… üElected by people in their THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES üTwo-year term. üMember must be… üElected by people in their district. üat least 25 years old. ücitizen for at least seven years. üresident of the state that they represent. © 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative Branch Slide 8

THE SENATE ØSix-year term. ØMembers must be… Øelected by the people in their states. THE SENATE ØSix-year term. ØMembers must be… Øelected by the people in their states. Øat least 30 years old. Øcitizen for nine years. Øresident of the state that they represent. © 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative Branch Slide 9

RULES FOR CONGRESS: © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch ØIf a person elected RULES FOR CONGRESS: © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch ØIf a person elected to Congress is of “questionable” character, the other members may challenge their qualifications. The Supreme Court will decide. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 10

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch RULES FOR CONGRESS: ØCampaign money will not © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch RULES FOR CONGRESS: ØCampaign money will not be used for personal expenses. ØViolations of conduct may result in EXPULSION (being kicked out). ØA 2/3 vote is required to expel someone. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 11

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch RULES FOR CONGRESS: (cont. ) Ø SESSIONS © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch RULES FOR CONGRESS: (cont. ) Ø SESSIONS (The amount of time that Congress meets) begin January 3 rd, end in September. Ø In an Emergency, the President can call congress back for a “SPECIAL SESSION”. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 12

© 2004 By Default! PEOPLE IN CONGRESS The Legislative Branch MAJORITY PARTY - party © 2004 By Default! PEOPLE IN CONGRESS The Legislative Branch MAJORITY PARTY - party in a house with the most members. MINORITY PARTY - party with fewer members. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 13

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch SPEAKER OF THE SENATE - Vice President © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch SPEAKER OF THE SENATE - Vice President of the United States. -runs the Senate meetings. Joe Biden – V. P. and Speaker of the Senate A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 14

© 2004 By Default! ØSPEAKER OF THE HOUSE - runs the meetings in the © 2004 By Default! ØSPEAKER OF THE HOUSE - runs the meetings in the House of Representatives. • Elected by the membership. The Legislative Branch John Boehner (R-OH) Speaker of the House A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 15

© 2004 By Default! ØPRESIDENT PROTEMPORE runs the Senate when the Vice-President is not © 2004 By Default! ØPRESIDENT PROTEMPORE runs the Senate when the Vice-President is not there. • Elected by the membership. The Legislative Branch Senator Dan Inouye (D-HI) - President Pro Tempore of Senate A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 16

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch MAJORITY LEADER (FLOOR LEADER) – Top member © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch MAJORITY LEADER (FLOOR LEADER) – Top member of the party with the most members. Elected by the party members. Harry Reid (D-NV) Senate A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Eric Cantor (R-VA) – House of Rep. Slide 17

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch MINORITY LEADER (FLOOR LEADER) - Top member © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch MINORITY LEADER (FLOOR LEADER) - Top member of the party with fewer members. Elected by the party members. Mitch Mc. Connell (R-KY) Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) Senate House A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 18

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch PARTY WHIP – assists the Floor Leader. © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch PARTY WHIP – assists the Floor Leader. • They have to “whip” party members into shape. • Elected by the party members. Dick Durbin D-IL Senate Jon Kyl R-AZ Senate A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Steny Hoyer Kevin Mc. Carthy D-MD R-CA House Slide 19

© 2004 By Default! DELORES ON A FRIDAY NIGHT She wanted to be “Party © 2004 By Default! DELORES ON A FRIDAY NIGHT She wanted to be “Party Whip” A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 20

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch HOW TO MAKE A LAW HEY! Watch © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch HOW TO MAKE A LAW HEY! Watch that pen! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 21

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch BILL – (a proposed law) A Free © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch BILL – (a proposed law) A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 22

© 2004 By Default! Ø a member of Congress has an idea for a © 2004 By Default! Ø a member of Congress has an idea for a law; « the “bill” is put into a box known as the “hopper” (sort of like a “suggestion box”). The clerk of the house empties the hopper every day, and gives all of the bills to the appropriate committee. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com PER HOP Slide 23

© 2004 By Default! A bill may be introduced in either; • The House © 2004 By Default! A bill may be introduced in either; • The House of Representatives • The Senate A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 24

 • Before the entire House of Representatives (or Senate) votes on it, it • Before the entire House of Representatives (or Senate) votes on it, it must first pass a vote in a small committee. © 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 25

COMMITTEE (a group of Congressmen who work on details and create bills). Majority party COMMITTEE (a group of Congressmen who work on details and create bills). Majority party has more members on the committee. This is where the REAL work of Congress is done. © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch Members of the committees are elected by their party. 26 Slide A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com

19 committees in the House. 17 in the Senate. A Free sample background from 19 committees in the House. 17 in the Senate. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Then the bills are sent to be worked on in a SUB-COMMITTEE. © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch Slide 27

Bills are debated, worked on, compromised over, and The Legislative Branch then voted on Bills are debated, worked on, compromised over, and The Legislative Branch then voted on by the FULL House of Representatives (all 435 members) or Senate (100). © 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 28

TYPES OF COMMITTEES © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch SELECT COMMITTEES –deal with TYPES OF COMMITTEES © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch SELECT COMMITTEES –deal with issues not covered by the regular committees. Iraq War, etc. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 29

TYPES OF COMMITTEES © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch JOINT COMMITTEES –Senators and TYPES OF COMMITTEES © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch JOINT COMMITTEES –Senators and Representatives meet before a bill is voted on. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 30

TYPES OF COMMITTEES © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch CONFERENCE COMMITTEES –Senators and TYPES OF COMMITTEES © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch CONFERENCE COMMITTEES –Senators and Representatives meet to work out a compromise between two versions of the same bill. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 31

After going through all of this… The bill must be voted “YES” by a After going through all of this… The bill must be voted “YES” by a majority of the members of EACH house. Legislative Branch A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com © 2004 By Default! Slide 32

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch « Congress may add a “Rider”, another © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch « Congress may add a “Rider”, another part of the bill that may have nothing to do with the original bill. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 33

FILIBUSTER – In the Senate only, the minority can keep debate going to prevent FILIBUSTER – In the Senate only, the minority can keep debate going to prevent a losing vote. Legislative Branch © 2004 By Default! As long as someone is standing and talking, the debate continues. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 34

60 votes are needed for CLOTURE – (ending debate and beginning the vote) on 60 votes are needed for CLOTURE – (ending debate and beginning the vote) on a bill. As long as someone is standing and talking, the debate continues. Legislative Branch A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com © 2004 By Default! Slide 35

© 2004 By Default! The President will VETO (reject), or sign the bill into © 2004 By Default! The President will VETO (reject), or sign the bill into law. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative Branch VETO Slide 36

Legislative Branch A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com © 2004 By Default! Legislative Branch A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com © 2004 By Default! Slide 37

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch Ordinary citizens can create laws. • PETITION © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch Ordinary citizens can create laws. • PETITION (a document with the proposed law explained in writing, followed by signatures of registered voters). A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 38

INITIATIVE - (a bill created by a citizen or citizens). PROPOSITION (proposed law) - INITIATIVE - (a bill created by a citizen or citizens). PROPOSITION (proposed law) - If the initiative has enough signatures it will appear on the next BALLOT (the list of people and propositions that people will vote for or vote against). © 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative Branch Slide 39

© 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 40 © 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 40

© 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative © 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative Branch Slide 41

© 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch REFERENDUM (After a bill is passed by © 2004 By Default! The Legislative Branch REFERENDUM (After a bill is passed by the legislature, people must also vote yes by a majority for the law to take effect). This is a way that the people can “check” the power of government. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 42

© 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative © 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative Branch Slide 43

© 2004 By Default! KEY QUESTION You have a great idea for a new © 2004 By Default! KEY QUESTION You have a great idea for a new bill. Describe the process, in detail, of how a bill becomes a law. A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com Slide 44

© 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative © 2004 By Default! A Free sample background from www. powerpointbackgrounds. com The Legislative Branch Slide 45