14. Supply Chain Management 1. Definition of Supply

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14. Supply Chain Management 1. Definition of Supply Chain Management  2. Definition of a Channel14. Supply Chain Management 1. Definition of Supply Chain Management 2. Definition of a Channel of Distribution 3. Development of the Channels of Distribution 4. Channel Structure 5. Flows in the Channel of Distribution 6. Channel Design 7. Types of distribution 8. Product characteristics 9. Processes of integrated supply chain management

2 Example: Tesco’s Cola Supply Chain Beet Storage Sugar Plant Sugar Storage Beet Field Corn Storage2 Example: Tesco’s Cola Supply Chain Beet Storage Sugar Plant Sugar Storage Beet Field Corn Storage Caramel Plant Caramel Storage Corn Field Essence Plant. Fir forest Paper Mill Local Water Authorities. Bauxit Mine Reduction Mill Smelter Hot Rolling Mill Cold Rolling Mill Carton Plant Carton Warehouse Bottler Warehouse Tesco Store Consumer. Recyling Center. Remelter Well Spring Bottler. Can Maker 1. Definition of Supply Chain Management

3 Supply Chain Management = Logistics Management Manufacturing Operations + Marketing Coordination + Sales Coordination +3 Supply Chain Management = Logistics Management Manufacturing Operations + Marketing Coordination + Sales Coordination + Product Design + Finance + Information Technology + The Management of upstream and downstream relationships with suppliers and costumers to deliver superior customer value at less cost to the supply chain as a whole. [Christopher, 2005]

4 Supplier Network Integrated Enterprise Distributive Network. M A T E R I A L S4 Supplier Network Integrated Enterprise Distributive Network. M A T E R I A L S Information, product, service, financial, and knowledge flows Procurement Manufacturing Market Distribution E N D C O N S U M E R Capacity, information, core competencies, capital, and human resource constraints Relationship Management Figure 1 – Supply Chain Management

5 Factors influencing channel structure:  1. Outsourcing. 2. Postponement and speculation. 3. Speed. 4. Technological,5 Factors influencing channel structure: 1. Outsourcing. 2. Postponement and speculation. 3. Speed. 4. Technological, cultural, physical, social, and political factors. 5. Physical factors – geography, size of market area, location of production centers, and concentration of population. 6. Local, state, and federal laws. 7. Social and behavioral variables.

65. Flows in the Channel of Distribution Figure 2 – Distribution’s Channels of a manufacturer of65. Flows in the Channel of Distribution Figure 2 – Distribution’s Channels of a manufacturer of grocery products Suppliers Manufacturer Plant Another plant Field warehouses Chain store warehouses Retailers Consumers. Wholesalers Co-ops Military

76. Channel Design The design process consists of the following steps :  1. Establish objectives.76. Channel Design The design process consists of the following steps : 1. Establish objectives. 2. Formulate a strategy. 3. Determine structure alternatives. 4. Evaluate structure alternatives. 5. Select structure. 6. Determine alternatives for individual channel members. 7. Evaluate and select individual members. 8. Measure and evaluate channel performance. 9. Evaluate alternatives when performance objectives are not met, or attractive new options become available.

88. Product characteristics 1. Product value. 2. Technicality of the product. 3. Degree of market acceptance.88. Product characteristics 1. Product value. 2. Technicality of the product. 3. Degree of market acceptance. 4. Degree of substitutability. 5. Product bulk. 6. Product perishability. 7. Degree of market concentration. 8. Seasonality. 9. Width and depth of the product line.

99. Processes of integrated supply chain management 1. Customer relationship management. 2. Customer service management. 3.99. Processes of integrated supply chain management 1. Customer relationship management. 2. Customer service management. 3. Demand management. 4. Order fulfillment. 5. Manufacturing flow management. 6. Procurement. 7. Product development and commercialization. 8. Returns channel process.




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